• Short Summary

    MANY THOUSANDS OF FOLLOWERS OF THE MOSLEM FAITH DURING THE PAST WEEK HAVE REALISED THEIR ULTIMATE AMBITION - TO MAKE A PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY CITY OF MECCA, THE BIRTHPLACE OF MOHAMMAD.

  • Description


    VARIOUS STAGES OF THE PILGRIMS' RITUAL; KING FEISAL WALKING AROUND THE KA'BA.




    Initials PBS/V-S/RM/SGM



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: MANY THOUSANDS OF FOLLOWERS OF THE MOSLEM FAITH DURING THE PAST WEEK HAVE REALISED THEIR ULTIMATE AMBITION - TO MAKE A PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY CITY OF MECCA, THE BIRTHPLACE OF MOHAMMAD.

    THE YEARLY PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA, ON THE EDGE OF THE RED SEA, NEARLY COINCIDES WITH THE EASTER WEEK OF CHRISTIAN CHURCHES. THE PILGRIMAGE IS A RITUAL WHICH IS SAID TO HAVE BEGUN MORE THAN THIRTEEN CENTURIES AGO WHEN MOHAMMAD, REGARDED BY MOSLEMS AS THE GREATEST PROPHET OF ALLAH, RETURNED THERE FROM EXILE ON A PILGRIMAGE.

    NON-MOSLEMS HAVE RARELY HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO WATCH THE RITUALS OF THE PILGRIMAGE. MECCA IS STILL CLOSED TO NON-BELIEVERS BY "GATES", OR BOUNDARY PILLARS, MARKING THE BORDERS OF HOLY LAND.

    DURING THE PILGRIMAGE THE FAITHFUL MUST WEAR IHRAM GARMENTS, MADE OF WHITE SHEETING OR TOWELLING.

    THE PILGRIMAGE BEGINS WITH PRAYER AS THE FAITHFUL FROM MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD GATHER ON THE PLAIN OF ARAFAT, TRADITIONALLY REGARDED BY MOSLEMS AS THE MEETING PLACE OF ADAM AND EVER. AFTER THE GATHERING, A FOUR DAY RELIGIOUS FEAST BEGINS.

    PRAYERS ARE OFFERED FROM TWO O'CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON UNTIL THE FINAL PRAYER AT SUNSET. IN THE EVENING, PILGRIMS COLLECT 49 STONES WITH WHICH TO STONE THE DEVILS AT MINA - SYMBOLISING THE REJECTION BY ISHMAEL OF SATAN'S TEMPTATIONS TO DISOBEY ABRAHAM.

    ANOTHER IMPORTANT PART OF THE RITUAL - USUALLY AT THE END OF THE PILGRIMAGE - IS THE KISSING OF THE BLACK STONE AND THE CIRCUMAMBULATION OF THE KA'BA. THE KA'BA, STANDING WITHIN THE WALLS OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF MECCA, IS TRADITIONALLY REGARDED BY THE FAITHFUL AS A REPLICA OF GOD'S HEAVENLY DWELLING, AND SAID TO HAVE BEEN BUILT BY ABRAHAM AT THE COMMAND OF ALLAH.

    PILGRIMS WHO SUCCEED IN THE DIFFICULT TASK OF KISSING THE BLACK STONE IN THE BASE OF THE KA'BA ARE SAID TO RECEIVE THE GIFT OF 'HEAVENLY DELIGHT'. HOWEVER, BECAUSE OF THE CRUSH, MANY ARE ABLE ONLY TO TOUCH IT.

    PILGRIMS ARE REQUIRED TO WALK SEVEN TIMES AROUND THE KA'BA - THREE TIMES IN A LEAPING GAIT. THE BLACK STONE IS SUPPOSED ALSO TO BE TOUCHED THREE TIMES.

    MANY OF THE PILGRIMS GO TO MECCA AS REPRESENTATIVES OF A FAMILY OR AN ENTIRE COMMUNITY. IN THESE CASES THE FAMILY OR COMMUNITY HAS USUALLY POOLED ITS FINANCIAL RESOURCES SO THAT AT LEAST ONE OF THE FAITHFUL CAN REPRESENT THEM DURING THE PILGRIMAGE.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAD5O0L19I1VFS6C18IU2OSJABD
    Media URN:
    VLVAD5O0L19I1VFS6C18IU2OSJABD
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    10/04/1966
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:03:09:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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