In view of the importance of President Nixon's forthcoming visit to the People's Republic of China, a major world-wide telecommunications operation has been planned and put into operation in order to beam live television pictures to Europe and the Americas.
In view of the importance of President Nixon's forthcoming visit to the People's Republic of China, a major world-wide telecommunications operation has been planned and put into operation in order to beam live television pictures to Europe and the Americas. A key part of the operation has been the construction of a satellite earth station in Peking from which live television and press communications can be flashed all round the world. a mobile unit, it cost one and a half million dollars (about 600,000 Pounds Sterling). It has a 24-foot (7.3 m) dish antenna.
The earth station was built at the Hughes Aircraft Company plant in california and then flown across the Pacific Ocean to Peking. The station has been ready for use since February 2 - and its signal will be re-satellited to most of the world's television sets.
SYNOPSIS: Since early February, this miniature satellite ground station has been in operation in Peking, ready to beam live television coverage of the forthcoming visit of President Nixon to the People's Republic of China. world interest in the visit, which marks a major step in Chinese-American relations, is very High and wide news coverage is planned.
The station, built by the Hughes Aircraft Company in california, weighs only twenty-five tons, and it's called the WUI-2. It can beam colour television signals, press reports and telephone calls via the Intelsat Four satellite, launched last month from Cape Kennedy. It's a mobile unit, with a 24-foot dish antenna. It has two accompanying trailers packed with electronics -- shown here during a recent test. The station is relatively inexpensive -- costing about 600,000 Pounds Sterling.
Following talks in Peking, President Nixon will go to Hangshow and Shanghai. television coverage from the Chinese capital will be transmitted to the world from the ground station. Signals will be beamed up to the Intelsat Four satellite which is in synchronous orbit above the Pacific Ocean.
The signal will then be bounced to a satellite earth station in california. From there, television signals will be relayed by microwave or cable facilities to New York City for distribution by the television network to a nationwide audience of viewers. television and news dispatches for European transmission will be transmitted from an East coast ground station to another Intelsat Four satellite over the Atlantic Ocean.
The signal is then received by a European ground station and transmitted throughout the continent.
The two Intelsat satellites are parked in synchronous orbits above the Equator, and they remain stationary over given points on the earth.
Each satellite can handle six-thousand two-way telephone calls, or twelve colour television channels - or a combination of them.
From its position, each satellite covers more than a third of the world's surface. More than 60 ground stations in 39 countries make up the international network. And any station can transmit and receive signals.
The mobile station is being operated in China by a team of ten engineers. Last month, the unit was tracked from the factory and put aboard a long-range cargo aircraft for the trip to Peking. Teams of press and government communications experts have also been in China in recent weeks, finalising plans for the massive operation.
On January 29, the aircraft left California for China. the 'plane refuelled in Hawaii and Guam and arrived in Peking on February second. The satellite ground station was then erected and made ready for its significant job.