The report prepared by Lord Pearce - who led a British Commission to sound out Rhodesian public opinion on the anglo-Rhodesian Settlement proposals - is now in the hands of the British Government, but is yet to be made public.
GV Salisbury airport
LV Lord Pearce and Commission down steps of aircraft and greeted
GV Demonstrators with banners on airport balcony
MV Lord Pearce walking across tarmac
GV Police confront demonstrators
CU Placards of ANC and "We say a big No" (2 shots)
MV Police wave back crowd (3 shots)
CU & MV Police with gas guns, troops and police with dogs (3 shots)
SCU Police fire tear gas (3 shots)
GV Troops in truck
MV PAN Demonstrator arrested
SCUs Africans with "No" and "Majority Rule" banners singing (4 shots)
SCU Commission members with translator talking to crowd (SOUND)
SCU & CU Lord Pearce and Commission members saying farewell
SUC Lord Pearce talking to press in London. (SOUND)
MV Pearce in car and away
COMMISSIONER: "It is for you, the people, to say whether you accept or do not accept these proposals."
LORD PEARCE:"I am not going to discuss this thing beyond to say that I am satisfied we shall be able to five a fair and comprehensive report, which anybody can see why we came to any conclusion which we do come to--and there it is, and that's the job."
Initials BB/1742 SH/PN/BB/1900
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The report prepared by Lord Pearce - who led a British Commission to sound out Rhodesian public opinion on the anglo-Rhodesian Settlement proposals - is now in the hands of the British Government, but is yet to be made public.
The report climaxes months of scouring the Rhodesian countryside in aircraft, landrovers and dugout canoes, handing out nearly 800,000 summaries of the settlement proposals, listening to countless hours of testimony--and finally sifting through the mass of evidence.
From the moment of the Commission's arrival in Salisbury on January 11, thousands of back Africans took to the streets to voice a loud "NO" to the proposals. Riots erupted in four major cities, causing the deaths of 14 Africans.
The African National Council--then only three months old--played a major role in rallying the Africans for a "NO" vote. And it became the country's most effective black nationwide organisation since the government of Ian Smith banned the two main African nationalist political parties in 1964.
Mr. Ian Smith accused intimidators of truing to force a "No" vote and said he knew that Africans ???rally supported the settlement proposals.
The settlement formula promised to end the seven-year-old Constitutional feud triggered in 1965 when the British colony declared wnilateral independence. The proposals promised legal independence under a white minority government--with majority rule the eventual goal.
Rhodesia has 250,000 white and 5.2 million black African citizens.
On his return to London, Lord Pearce spoke of the job in hand:
SYNOPSIS: Word Peerce....a man with a secret. In January he arrived in Salisbury to last Rhodesian opinion on the Anglo-Rhodesian settlement proposals. Now, His Commission has given its report to the British government. But right form the start, Africans were saying "No."
Thousands of Africans took to the streets, with the African National Council playing a major role in rallying the people to a "No" vote. Fourteen black Africans died in the riating in major cities.
Rhodesia declared unilateral independence in nineteen-sixty-five. The settlement formula promised LECAL independence under white minority government, but with majority rule the ultimate goal. Today, Rhodesia ha two-hundred-and-fifty thousand whites and more than five million black African citizens....
For Commission members, testing opinion was a mammoth task. They listened to countless hours of testimony. And they criss-crossed the Rhodesian countryside in aircraft, landrovers...even canoes...handing out nearly eight-hundred-thousand summaries of the settlement proposals. Then, after two months in the field, the team left for London where Lord Pearce talked about his task:
Now, that job is finished. And only the answer remains.