INTRODUCTION: The Warsaw Pact has officially ended its Soyuz-81 manoeuvres in and around Poland, involving unites from East Germany, Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union and Poland.
WASHINGTON, USA: GV INTERIOR State Department with william Dyess on podium speaking to newsmen.
CU Dyess speaking.
EAST GERMANY: GV Soviet officer shaking hands with troops on manoeuvres.
CU & PULL OUT TO GV Soviet officer and other top officials looking on. (2 SHOTS)
GVs Exercises Explosion on horizon, rocket launch, explosion. (3 SHOTS)
GVs Troops with anti-tank gun and Soviet helicopter flying. (2 SHOTS)
GV ZOOM INTO CU East German officers looking on with binoculars.
GV Tanks flying rockets. (4 SHOTS)
GVs German officers night shots. PAN TO troops.
GVs Shell being loaded tanks firing, tracer bullets, flares. All night shots. (5 SHOTS)
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SEQ: 2: DYESS: "The speech gives us no clear idea of Soviet intentions. While it seems to have been designed to give some reassurance on the issue of Soviet military intervention the speech did not rule out any options. At the same time, Mr. Brezhnev's remarks on the political situation appear designed to place additional pressure on the Polish authorities. The Polish government and people have demonstrated that they can solve their problems peaceably in a spirit of conciliation without external interventions of any type. There's not justification whatsoever for Soviet and Warsaw Pact political and military pressure on Poland. We continue to believe that military intervention is not inevitable nor imminent."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: The Warsaw Pact has officially ended its Soyuz-81 manoeuvres in and around Poland, involving unites from East Germany, Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union and Poland. But the United States has expressed concern that a military intervention in Poland may still occur. State Department spokesman William Dyess noted at a press conference on Wednesday (8 April) that while Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev had expressed confidence in a speech to the Czechoslovak Party Congress that the Poles could solve their own problems, he did not in fact rule out any options.
SYNOPSIS: The Warsaw Pact manoeuvres aroused speculation in the West that there would be a military intervention in Poland. Air, land and sea exercises were held in and around the country and tank and troop reinforcements were assembled in the centre of East Germany.
The exercises were the longest Warsaw Pact manoeuvres of over a decade, Western observers reported that a military infrastructure had been set up inside Poland.
Soviet units based in East Germany were much in evidence with East German troops. Both Polish and East German television gave widespread nightly coverage to the exercises, and there was a broad range of military hardware on show.
Now the exercises have officially ended, but Western observers maintain that the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies stili have enough high-speed naval craft and tanks around Poland to close off the area within a few hours if they chose.