A crowd of about four thousand people gathered in Lisbon on Friday (8 February) for a rally against the deployment of nuclear missiles in Western Europe.
LV ZOOM TO: Former Portuguese President Costa Gomes speaking in Portuguese
SV ZOOM OUT: Crowd applauding
SV: Gomes receiving applause from colleagues and he sits down
SV ZOOM: French admiral Antoine Sanguinetti speaking in French. (2 shots)
SV: Crowd applauding and Gomes shakes hands with Sanguinetti (2 shots)
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Background: A crowd of about four thousand people gathered in Lisbon on Friday (8 February) for a rally against the deployment of nuclear missiles in Western Europe. The rally was addressed by representatives from Portuguese and European leftist groups.
SYNOPSIS: Former Portuguese President General Costa Gomes was one of the first to address the crowd in the Lisbon sports pavilion. The rally comes amid increasing international tension in particular since the recent Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. The audience was told that governments throughout the world were using their information services to create a virtual war psychosis led by people determined to launch humanity into catastrophe. At present, an estimated one and a quarter billion dollars is spent on weapons in the world each day.
According to recently announced plans to step up nuclear weapon capabilities in Europe, Britain intends to introduce new Chevaline warheads into the British Navy's Polaris missiles to evade defensive missile systems. Military observers say these will supersede the Soviet Union's anti-ballistic missile defences around Moscow.
A spokesman for the French Gaullists, Admiral Antoine Sanguinetti, told the rally that he was concerned about the increase in international tension, pointing out that the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty 2 (SALT-2) had not yet been ratified and there were plans for the installation of new nuclear weapons in Europe. Mr Sanguinetti said this was creating a new arms race and could destroy the uneasy balance of power. He said that, on the whole, the two military pacts facing one another in Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and the Warsaw pact, accounted for about 74 percent of total world expenditure on weaponry.
Mr Sanguinetti said this meant that most of the world's weapons were opposing each other in Europe, or over Europe, and when people spoke of war, it meant Europe first of all.