In Brazil, African Swine Fever broken out in the state of Rio of Rio de Janeiro.
GV PAN: from Rio de Janeiro shantytown TO garbage in streets.
SV: mobile generator being started.
CU: rooster in garbage PULL OUT TO GV workmen spraying garbage.
GV: infected pig being dragged to lorry as crowds help. (2 shots)
GV AND SV: people in shantytown (2 shots)
SV: garbage around homes.
SV: workmen arriving with disinfectant powder and spreading it in infected pen (2 shots)
SV: uninfected pigs TILT UP TO Rio de Janeiro in background.
Rio de Janeiro state with only 150,000 pigs accounts for a very small percentage of Brazilian pig production. However, there is concern that the virus could be transmitted to the major pig producing states of Parana, Rio Grande Do Sul and Santa Catarina. Already, the Brazilian government has had to recall two shipments of pork destined for Japan and Holland. Health authorities say African Swine Fever cannot be transmitted to humans.
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Background: In Brazil, African Swine Fever broken out in the state of Rio of Rio de Janeiro. The authorities are attempting to the disease which if it spreads to other areas, could seriously affect Brazilian pig production.
SYNOPSIS: Swine fever was first detected in Paracambi, a town in the interior of Rio de Janeiro state. It then moved to Nova Brasilia, a shantytown area of Rio city. Workmen were already attempting to disinfect the region when the out-break was discovered. It is the same disease that killed 400,000 pigs in Cuba in 1971.
Swine fever kills pigs within a few days. All infected animals are taken off to be slaughtered. At this stage there is no known effective vaccine against this disease, which is more severe than normal swine fever. Officials are concerned that if the illness moves to the southern states of Brazil, the country's pig population will be decimated.
For people living in shantytowns, pigs can provide a much-needed additional source of income. The Brazilian government has said that it will compensate the owners of pigs which have to be killed. The authorities estimate that at least, 4,00 will be slaughtered.
So far these pigs have escaped infection. 100 government veterinary surgeons are working to control the disease. But, in the shantytown illegal, uncontrolled slaughter is common-place, causing hygiene problems which could put the whole area at risk.