INTRODUCTION: The Somali government has launched an international appeal for almost 470,000 tonnes of food to meet projected shortfalls this year.
SV American aid official Rene Dougherty speaking, PULL BACK TO GV drums cooking oil, CU drums
GV Man pushes back warehouse door to show sacks of dried milk powder
SV & DU People line up for petrol, petrol into drum
SV Dougherty speaking
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
DOUGHERTY: (SEQ 1) "Now in 1981 to date, we've pledged 58,000 metric tonnes of foodstuffs to Somalia, and what you see here, now in the process of being moved out of the ports, is a shipment that just came in few days ago, 1,500 metric tonnes of cooking oil, and there is also 250 metric tonnes of non-fat dried milk that was brought here, that is now in the process of moving out the refugees.
INTERVIEWER: "Now this petrol shortage which stems mostly from the Iran-Iraq war, Somalia's having a hard time meeting its own fuel needs, how about food deliveries to the refugee camps? Has the petrol shortage affected them in any way?"
DOUGHERTY: (SEQ. 5) "Well it has certainly made the problem more difficult. There's no question about that. The gasoline is always short here and it's a more or less serious problem from day to day, depending on the pattern of deliveries into the country itself. But I should say, and will say, that the government of Somalia has given the very highest priority to making food, to making fuel available to move the food to refugee camps, and to the best of my knowledge sufficient food is getting through at the present time. Now if the rains which are coming on now at this time of year should fail and there'd be a problem with drought, or if external conflict should heighten, and as a result of those two factors the number of refugees would increase substantially, there could be indeed a very difficult situation. I should say that all of us here is Somalia concerned about the refugee problem right now are watching the clouds for rain and keeping our fingers very much crossed."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: The Somali government has launched an international appeal for almost 470,000 tonnes of food to meet projected shortfalls this year. According to Vice Minister of National Planning, Mohamed Omar Giama, stocks of essential food commodities are running very low. A 25-30 percent drop in Somalia's revenue, lack of foreign exchange, drought and an influx of refugees from Ethiopia have all helped to create this critical condition. And now a petrol shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war is hampering the distribution of the few supplies available. Rene Dougherty, an economist with an American foreign aid organization, explains the help his organisation is giving and the problems it has encountered.