• Short Summary

    SYNOPSIS: CYPRUS ... SUNBAKED ISLAND IN THE SHALLOW GREEN MEDITERRANEAN. A FORMER BRITISH COLONY SADDLED?

  • Description

    1.
    GV CYRPUS.
    0.08

    2.
    LV NICOSIA.
    0.14

    3.
    LV NICOSIA MARKET.
    0.22

    4.
    LV DAWN RISES OVER NICOSIA.
    0.26

    5.
    TV PAN POLICE CARRY TRUNCHEONS AND SHIELD CLASH WITH BIOTERS. (1954)
    0.31

    6.
    SV PRISONER INTO POLICE WAGON.
    0.33

    7.
    SCU SOLDIER FIRES BREN GUN FROM ROOF.
    0.35

    8.
    LV MEN RUN ACROSS STREET.
    0.39

    9.
    LV TROOPS FIRE RIFLES FROM BEHIND LORRY.
    0.43

    10.
    SV SUSPECTS LINED UP AGAINST SHOP AND SEARCHED.
    0.46

    11.
    LV BODY OD R.A.F. MAN LYING IN ROAD. (1956)
    0.51

    12.
    SV BODY INTO AMBULANCE.
    0.56

    13.
    LV PAN BUILDING ON FIRE.
    0.59

    14.
    SV PAN FLAMES.
    1.03

    15.
    LV PAN FIREMEN.
    1.06

    16.
    SV TROOPS WITH SUSPECTS.
    1.09

    17.
    LV PAN SUSPECTS BROUGHT IN FOR INTERROGATION.
    1.13

    18.
    LV BRITISH ARMY WIVES SHOP UNDER ARMED GUARD.
    1.15

    19.
    SV DITTO.
    1.17

    20.
    LV ARMED PATROL DOWN STREET
    1.20

    21.
    LV BRITISH TROOPS DISEMBARK FAMAGUSTA HARBOUR
    1.21

    22.
    SV DITTO
    1.24

    23.
    CU DITTO
    1.26

    24.
    SV MEN KISS HAND OF ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS
    1.29

    25.
    TV MAKARIOS DRIVEN THROUGH STREET
    1.34

    26.
    CU SIGN "LEDRA" STREET
    1.35

    27.
    LV GROUP OF BRITISH SOLDIERS CARRYING CAMERAS, ALONG STREET
    1.38

    28.
    SV SOLDIERS WINDOW-SHOPPING
    1.40

    29.
    TV RELEASED EOKA MEN STEP OFF TENDER ON TO QUAY
    1.42

    30.
    SV PAN..STUDENTS ALONG QUAY
    1.45

    31.
    TV TWO EOKA MEN CARRIED THROUGH VAST CROWD AT AIRPORT
    1.50

    32.
    TV PAN..NICOSIA - ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS IN MOTORCADE ON RETURN, 1957
    1.57

    33.
    SV TO LV PAN..MAKARIOS ON BALCONY AFTER ELECTION, PAN TO VAST CROWD
    2.04

    34.
    SV SIR HUGH FOOT AND ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS SIGN AGREEMENT
    2.10

    35.
    SV TO LV..PAN..SIGN "ROAD CLOSED" PAN UP STREET, NICOSIA, DECEMBER 1963
    2.12

    36.
    SV PAN..MAN'S BODY LIFTED FROM CAR, DISTRAUGHT WIFE TOWARDS AMBULANCE
    2.22

    37.
    LV MAN RUNNING IN STREET
    2.27

    38.
    SCU MAN FIRING MACHINEGUN
    2.27

    39.
    SV PAN..VIGILANTES WITH GUNS
    2.32

    40.
    SV ARMED SOLDIER
    2.34

    41.
    SV PAN..MAN ALONG STREET CARRYING TURKISH FLAG
    2.38

    42.
    ANGLE V..MONASTERY
    2.40

    43.
    CU PAN..DEAD DOG PAN TO DEAD MONK
    2.45

    44.
    SV ANOTHER DEAD MONK
    2.49

    45.
    LV HOUSE BURNING
    2.51

    46.
    SV DITTO
    2.53

    47.
    SV BRITISH SOLDIERS LOOK ON
    2.54

    48.
    LV BURNING HOUSE
    2.57

    49.
    LV BRITISH ARMOURED PATROL IN OMORPHITA SUBURB
    3.0

    50.
    LV SMASHED DOOR TO SHOP
    3.1

    51.
    SV WRECKED INTERIOR
    3.4

    52.
    LV DITTO
    3.7

    53.
    SV PAN..TURKISH GRAVE PAN TO WOMAN CRYING
    3.10

    54.
    CU WOMAN CRYING
    3.13

    55.
    SV PAN..MOURNERS
    3.15

    56.
    SV TURKISH REFUGEES RECEIVE FOOD
    3.19

    57.
    CU HERRINGS DISTRIBUTED
    3.21

    58.
    LV CHILDREN FITTED WITH JACKETS
    3.24

    59.
    LV TRUCE TALKS IN PROGRESS
    3.27

    60.
    CU DUNCAN SANDYS SEATED
    3.29

    61.
    SV PAN GREEK CONTINGENT
    3.32

    62.
    STV RELEASED PRISONERS WALK FROM SCHOOL
    3.35

    63.
    SV PAN..PRISONERS BOARD BUS WATCHED BY DUNCAN SANDYS
    3.39

    64.
    SV PRISONERS LEAVE LORRIES GREETED BY RELATIVES.
    3.42

    65.
    CU ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS AT INTERVIEW
    3.52

    66.
    ZOOM IN ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS DURING INTERVIEW SOF IN QUESTION:"COULD I ASK YOU DO YOU WANT TO ABOLISH THE GREEK AND TURKISH GUARANTEES OF THE CONSTITUTION? WHY IS THAT?" MAKARIOS:"BECAUSE WE DON'T FEEL THAT WE ARE REALLY AN INDEPENDENT COUNTRY WITH THIS TREATY AS GUARANTEES... AND ALLIANCE. UNDER THE TREATY OF GUARANTEE TWO POWERS HAVE THE RIGHT TO INTERVENE UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES THEY THINK THAT THEY MAY INTERVENE. AND THIS GIVES US THE IMPRESSION THAT WE ARE NOT REALLY AN INDEPENDENT STATE." QUESTION: "BUT SUPPOSING THE LONDON CONFERENCE DOESN'T SUCCEED IN ABOLISHING THOSE GUARANTEES; WHAT WILL YOU DO." MAKARIOS: "WELL, IN THIS CASE WE WILL BRING THIS QUESTION BEFORE THE UNITED NATIONS." SOF OUT
    4.40

    67.
    SCU ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS
    4.43

    68.
    CU DR. KUTCHUK
    4.48

    69.
    LV MAKARIOS AND DR. KUTCHUK TOWARDS SEATS
    4.51

    70.
    LV PARTY SEATED
    4.54

    71.
    LV BRITISH ARMOURED PATROL PASS THROUGH ROAD BLOCK
    4.59

    72.
    LV BARRIER BEING REMOVED
    5.2

    73.
    GV PAN ROWS OF CROSSES ON GRAVES
    5.13

    74.
    LV DITTO
    5.17


    "COULD I ASK YOU..."



    ".......BEFORE THE UNITED NATIONS."




    Initials PC/WS/VISLIB/EEH


    EDITORS: GREEK AND TURKISH CYPRIOT LEADERS ARE ARRIVING IN LONDON FOR WEDNESDAY'S TALKS ON THE CYPRUS SITUATION.
    THE ATTACHED BACKGROUND FEATURE COVERS THE ISLAND TWO EMERGENCIES - 1954-1957, AND DECEMBER/JANUARY, 1963-64.
    FILM EDITORS: BRING UP SOUND ON FILM AT 145 FT. (3 MINS 52 SECS)

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: SYNOPSIS: CYPRUS ... SUNBAKED ISLAND IN THE SHALLOW GREEN MEDITERRANEAN. A FORMER BRITISH COLONY SADDLED WITH MANY OF THE MODERN WORLD'S PROBLEMS OF RACE, OF UNDER-DEVELOPMENT, OF COLONIAL LEGACIES, OF NEW INDEPENDENCE, OF PEACE AND WAR. THE LONDON CONFERENCE THIS WEEK COULD BE THE TURNING POINT -- OR JUST ANOTHER SAD LANDMARK ON THE LONG ROAD TO COEXISTENCE AND PROSPERITY.

    DECEMBER'S VIOLENCE RECALLS THE DARK YEARS IN CYPRUS AFTER THE WAR. SERIOUS RIOTS IN NICOSIA FOLLOWED THE BREAKDOWN OF LONDON TALKS. BRITISH SOLDIERS STRUGGLED TO KEEP ORDER AS THE CAMPAIGN FOR 'ENOSIS -- UNION WITH GREECE -- GREW IN INTENSITY ... BUT THE TROOPS WERE OUTNUMBERED FIFTY TO ONE.

    IN NICOSIA'S 'MURDER MILE' BRITISH SOLDIERS AND THEIR WIVES WERE SHOT DOWN IN STEALTHY AMBUSHES ... AN ATMOSPHERE OF FEAR AND MISTRUST PREVAILED.

    AS THE ARMED CONFLICT CONTINUED BRITAIN STARTED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS, LEADER OF THE ENOSIS MOVEMENT ... BUT THE TALKS BROKE DOWN, THE ARCHBISHOP INSISTED ON SELF-DETERMINATION. THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT REFUSED TO FIX A DATE.

    HOSTILITIES BETWEEN GREEK AND TURK COMMUNITIES CONTINUED. BRITISH ARMY WIVES WERE NOT ALLOWED OUT WITHOUT AN ARMED GUARD.

    URGENT REINFORCEMENTS FOR THE BRITISH ARMY... SECURITY PATROLS HAD TO CONTINUE 24 HOURS A DAY.

    IN MARCH, 1956, ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN "IMPLICATED" IN THE EOKA CAMPAIGN, ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS WAS DEPORTED TO THE SEVCHELLES.

    URGENT REINFORCEMENTS FOR THE BRITISH ARMY... SECURITY PATROLS HAD TO CONTINUE 24 HOURS A DAY.

    IN MARCH, 1956, ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN "IMPLICATED" IN THE EOKA CAMPAIGN, ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS WAS DEPORTED TO THE SEYCHELLES.

    TENSION RELAXED ON THE ISLAND IN 1957 WHEN BRITAIN AGREED TO RELEASE MAKARIOS. EOKA STOPPED ITS ACTIVITIES; THEIR PRISONERS WERE RELEASED. THREE BITTER YEARS HAD COME TO AN END.

    THE RETURN OF ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS LED TO AN IMPROVEMENT IN RELATIONS BETWEEN THE BRITISH AND GREEKS.

    IN 1959, MAKARIOS WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS BY AN OVERWHELMING MAJORITY.

    AN AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED MAKING CYPRUS AN INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC. BUT BRITAIN RETAINED HER MILITARY BASES.

    BUT THE FAMILIAR GUN FIGHTS RETURNED TO NICOSIA'S NARROW STREETS LAST DECEMBER... MOUNTING TENSION EXPLODED INTO VIOLENCE AND BLOODSHED, BULLETS WERE FIRED BY ONE SIDE OR THE OTHER - FULL - SCALE BATTLE RAGED ACROSS THE CITY... TURKISH CYPRIOT LOSSES WERE HIGHER THAN GREEK.

    THE TROUBLE IS THOUGHT TO HAVE ARISEN OVER THE ZURICH AND LONDON AGREEMENTS WHICH ESTABLISHED THE EXISTING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GREEK AND TURKISH COMMUNITIES.

    THE MURDER OF TWO MONKS AND A NOVICE ALLEGEDLY BY FOUR ARMED TURKS - BROUGHT THE THREE-YEAR-OLD REPUBLIC TO THE KNIFE-EDGE OF CIVIL WAR.

    IN RETALIATION GREEKS WERE SAID TO HAVE BURNED DOWN THESE HOUSES IN NICOSIA'S TURKISH QUARTER.

    BRITISH TROOPS STOOD BY THE WRECKED TURKISH QUARTER IN CASE OF FURTHER CLASHES.

    THE FACES OF BEREAVED TURKISH WOMEN REFLECT THEIR MISERY. THE NUMBER OF TURKISH DEAD WERE PUT AT OVER A HUNDRED.

    HOMELESS AND HUNGRY, HUNDREDS OF TURKS WERE HELPED BY VOLUNTARY SERVICES. OVER 8,000 REFUGEES CRAMMED INTO THE TURKISH QUARTER.

    DUNCAN SANDYS, BRITAIN'S COMMONWEALTH SECRETARY, ACHIEVED THE SIGNING OF A COMMUNAL "TRUCE PACT".

    THEN HE WATCHED OVER THE RELEASE OF 550 TURKISH CYPRIOTS BY THE GREEKS. AN AGREEMENT TO EXCHANGE HOSTAGES WAS SIGNED BY PRESIDENT MAKARIOS AND VICE PRESIDENT KUTCHUK.

    PRESIDENT MAKARIOS, WHO WON'T BE ATTENDING THE LONDON CONFERENCE ON CYPRUS NEXT WEDNESDAY, WAS ASKED ABOUT GREEK AND TURKISH GUARANTEES OF THE CYPRUS CONSTITUTION: (TURN OF SOF)
    TRYING TO AVOID FURTHER CLASHES, MAKARIOS AND DR. KUTCHUK VISITED SEVERAL VILLAGES AND MIXED COMMUNITIES..MEANWHILE, MR. SANDYS REPLACED WITH BRITISH TROOPS THE GREEK AND TURKISH SOLDIERS WHO FACED EACH OTHER OVER BARRIERS IN NICOSIA.

    GREEKS AND TURKS TOOK DOWN THOSE BARRIERS LAST WEDNESDAY. TENSION EASED BETWEEN THEM. A BIG MOVE TOWARDS PEACE AFTER THE CONFLICT.

    CYPRUS LOOKS TO A PEACEFUL FUTURE; AWAY FROM THE DEATHS AND HATREDS OF THE PAST.. GREEK AND TURKISH LEADERS WILL AGAIN TRY TO SOLVE THE ANCIENT ANIMOSITIES THAT DIVIDE THEM. UNTIL THEN AN UNEASY TRUCE PREVAILS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVACVLMPETVDDOMDRBMUCMXFPP63
    Media URN:
    VLVACVLMPETVDDOMDRBMUCMXFPP63
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/01/1964
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:18:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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