• Short Summary

    SYNOPSIS: CYPRUS ... SUNBAKED ISLAND IN THE SHALLOW GREEN MEDITERRANEAN. A FORMER BRITISH COLONY SADDLED?

  • Description

    SYNOPSIS: CYPRUS ... SUNBAKED ISLAND IN THE SHALLOW GREEN MEDITERRANEAN. A FORMER BRITISH COLONY SADDLED WITH MANY OF THE MODERN WORLD'S PROBLEMS OF RACE, OF UNDER-DEVELOPMENT, OF COLONIAL LEGACIES, OF NEW INDEPENDENCE, OF PEACE AND WAR. THE LONDON CONFERENCE THIS WEEK COULD BE THE TURNING POINT -- OR JUST ANOTHER SAD LANDMARK ON THE LONG ROAD TO COEXISTENCE AND PROSPERITY.

    DECEMBER'S VIOLENCE RECALLS THE DARK YEARS IN CYPRUS AFTER THE WAR. SERIOUS RIOTS IN NICOSIA FOLLOWED THE BREAKDOWN OF LONDON TALKS. BRITISH SOLDIERS STRUGGLED TO KEEP ORDER AS THE CAMPAIGN FOR 'ENOSIS -- UNION WITH GREECE -- GREW IN INTENSITY ... BUT THE TROOPS WERE OUTNUMBERED FIFTY TO ONE.

    IN NICOSIA'S 'MURDER MILE' BRITISH SOLDIERS AND THEIR WIVES WERE SHOT DOWN IN STEALTHY AMBUSHES ... AN ATMOSPHERE OF FEAR AND MISTRUST PREVAILED.

    AS THE ARMED CONFLICT CONTINUED BRITAIN STARTED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS, LEADER OF THE ENOSIS MOVEMENT ... BUT THE TALKS BROKE DOWN, THE ARCHBISHOP INSISTED ON SELF-DETERMINATION. THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT REFUSED TO FIX A DATE.

    HOSTILITIES BETWEEN GREEK AND TURK COMMUNITIES CONTINUED. BRITISH ARMY WIVES WERE NOT ALLOWED OUT WITHOUT AN ARMED GUARD.

    URGENT REINFORCEMENTS FOR THE BRITISH ARMY... SECURITY PATROLS HAD TO CONTINUE 24 HOURS A DAY.

    IN MARCH, 1956, ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN "IMPLICATED" IN THE EOKA CAMPAIGN, ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS WAS DEPORTED TO THE SEVCHELLES.

    URGENT REINFORCEMENTS FOR THE BRITISH ARMY... SECURITY PATROLS HAD TO CONTINUE 24 HOURS A DAY.

    IN MARCH, 1956, ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN "IMPLICATED" IN THE EOKA CAMPAIGN, ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS WAS DEPORTED TO THE SEYCHELLES.

    TENSION RELAXED ON THE ISLAND IN 1957 WHEN BRITAIN AGREED TO RELEASE MAKARIOS. EOKA STOPPED ITS ACTIVITIES; THEIR PRISONERS WERE RELEASED. THREE BITTER YEARS HAD COME TO AN END.

    THE RETURN OF ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS LED TO AN IMPROVEMENT IN RELATIONS BETWEEN THE BRITISH AND GREEKS.

    IN 1959, MAKARIOS WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS BY AN OVERWHELMING MAJORITY.

    AN AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED MAKING CYPRUS AN INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC. BUT BRITAIN RETAINED HER MILITARY BASES.

    BUT THE FAMILIAR GUN FIGHTS RETURNED TO NICOSIA'S NARROW STREETS LAST DECEMBER... MOUNTING TENSION EXPLODED INTO VIOLENCE AND BLOODSHED, BULLETS WERE FIRED BY ONE SIDE OR THE OTHER - FULL - SCALE BATTLE RAGED ACROSS THE CITY... TURKISH CYPRIOT LOSSES WERE HIGHER THAN GREEK.

    THE TROUBLE IS THOUGHT TO HAVE ARISEN OVER THE ZURICH AND LONDON AGREEMENTS WHICH ESTABLISHED THE EXISTING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GREEK AND TURKISH COMMUNITIES.

    THE MURDER OF TWO MONKS AND A NOVICE ALLEGEDLY BY FOUR ARMED TURKS - BROUGHT THE THREE-YEAR-OLD REPUBLIC TO THE KNIFE-EDGE OF CIVIL WAR.

    IN RETALIATION GREEKS WERE SAID TO HAVE BURNED DOWN THESE HOUSES IN NICOSIA'S TURKISH QUARTER.

    BRITISH TROOPS STOOD BY THE WRECKED TURKISH QUARTER IN CASE OF FURTHER CLASHES.

    THE FACES OF BEREAVED TURKISH WOMEN REFLECT THEIR MISERY. THE NUMBER OF TURKISH DEAD WERE PUT AT OVER A HUNDRED.

    HOMELESS AND HUNGRY, HUNDREDS OF TURKS WERE HELPED BY VOLUNTARY SERVICES. OVER 8,000 REFUGEES CRAMMED INTO THE TURKISH QUARTER.

    DUNCAN SANDYS, BRITAIN'S COMMONWEALTH SECRETARY, ACHIEVED THE SIGNING OF A COMMUNAL "TRUCE PACT".

    THEN HE WATCHED OVER THE RELEASE OF 550 TURKISH CYPRIOTS BY THE GREEKS. AN AGREEMENT TO EXCHANGE HOSTAGES WAS SIGNED BY PRESIDENT MAKARIOS AND VICE PRESIDENT KUTCHUK.

    PRESIDENT MAKARIOS, WHO WON'T BE ATTENDING THE LONDON CONFERENCE ON CYPRUS NEXT WEDNESDAY, WAS ASKED ABOUT GREEK AND TURKISH GUARANTEES OF THE CYPRUS CONSTITUTION: (TURN OF SOF)
    TRYING TO AVOID FURTHER CLASHES, MAKARIOS AND DR. KUTCHUK VISITED SEVERAL VILLAGES AND MIXED COMMUNITIES..MEANWHILE, MR. SANDYS REPLACED WITH BRITISH TROOPS THE GREEK AND TURKISH SOLDIERS WHO FACED EACH OTHER OVER BARRIERS IN NICOSIA.

    GREEKS AND TURKS TOOK DOWN THOSE BARRIERS LAST WEDNESDAY. TENSION EASED BETWEEN THEM. A BIG MOVE TOWARDS PEACE AFTER THE CONFLICT.

    CYPRUS LOOKS TO A PEACEFUL FUTURE; AWAY FROM THE DEATHS AND HATREDS OF THE PAST.. GREEK AND TURKISH LEADERS WILL AGAIN TRY TO SOLVE THE ANCIENT ANIMOSITIES THAT DIVIDE THEM. UNTIL THEN AN UNEASY TRUCE PREVAILS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVACVLMPETVDDOMDRBMUCMXFPP63
    Media URN:
    VLVACVLMPETVDDOMDRBMUCMXFPP63
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/01/1964
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:18:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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