While the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Andrew Young, has reacted cooly to the latest Rhodesian internal settlement, Britain's Foreign Secretary David Owen has expressed some optimism that the breakthrough could lead to a full-scale settlement acceptable to all parties.
EXTERIOR MV U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Andrew Young speaking to newsmen on Rhodesian settlement (3 shots)
INTERIOR MV British Foreign Secretary David Own speaking in interview (3 shots)
YOUNG: "The problem with an internal settlement is that it is no settlement. It does not address the issues that have some 40,000 people fighting. We have to make sure of what the details of this settlement are, and then see if there's any way that we can bring the Patriotic Front into discussions with Bishop Muzorewa and those who made this settlement. The difficulty with the settlement, and the problem is that we've had evidence that there would be a massive commitment of Soviet weapons as there were in Angola, and so what you've done really is not settle the situation, but you've created a black on black civil war."
OWEN: "It does look as it it's going to be a clear majority black government. There are questions about the number of specially elected members, whites. This is larger than we had advocated, but I've always thought it necessary to have in the early years, the confidence-building effect of having some white members, otherwise if you have a completely one-man-one-vote register, you can have only say two or three white members of parliament."
REPORTER: "Well one vital question must be an assessment of the strengths of the various competing leaders and forces?"
OWEN: "The problem is that you've still got outside two very important nationalist leaders in the sense that they control large armed forces, Robert Mugabe and Joshua ???. And a central part of the Anglo-US initiative which is the nuts and bolts of bringing about a ceasefire, and advocated the involvement of the United Nations. Now the sort of way they're approaching it is to try and look at the compassion of the security forces, in which case both the Bishop and Reverend Sithole have advocated introducing liberation fighters. How this will be...."
REPORTER: ...."So have you."
OWEN: "So have we. But this will be very difficult for Mr. Smith to accept, because when we were talking about integration of the forces last summer, this was the reason he broke off discussions, and went for his own election. But as long as he recognises that he has to make some concessions there, then of course we have to try and persuade the Patriotic Front to make concessions on their side. The control of armed forces in Africa is a very significant political issue, and if they can reach an arrangement whereby the nationalists, of all parties, will have confidence that there couldn't be a counter coup, and ??? the election result, which is really behind their fear of what they call the Smith army, then that could lead to a situation where the external nationalist leaders would come in."
REPORTER: RICHARD KERSHAU
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Background: While the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Andrew Young, has reacted cooly to the latest Rhodesian internal settlement, Britain's Foreign Secretary David Owen has expressed some optimism that the breakthrough could lead to a full-scale settlement acceptable to all parties. Mr. Young told newsmen in Washington he thought the agreement reached between the Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith and three black nationalist leaders could not be regarded as binding, because the Patriotic Front had not been party to it. First, Andrew Young.