A vitally important railway is being constructed in Jordan to link the country's main source of foreign earnings, the phosphate mines, with Jordan's only port, Aqaba on the Red Sea.
GV PAN Construction site
GV & SV Wooden moulds under construction (4 shots)
CU Sign "No Smoking"
GV Wooden mould section moved into position
GV Pre-cast concrete slab lifted from mould, and moved into position (3 shots)
GV Pre-cast concrete pipe sections being manufactured
SV Reinforcing rods bent into shapes and stocked (3 shots)
SV Reinforcing wire coiled, and being fixed in position (3 shots)
GV Bulldozers level ground and remove sand (3 shots)
GV Crane placing concrete sections to form bridge near Aqaba Port (6 shots)
GV Bridge under construction
GV Railway trestle
Initials BB/0055 RS/AW/BB/0125
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Background: A vitally important railway is being constructed in Jordan to link the country's main source of foreign earnings, the phosphate mines, with Jordan's only port, Aqaba on the Red Sea.
The high quality phosphate of the Jordanian Phosphate Minwa Company earns four million pounds (10 million dollars) annually, but so far exports have been limited to 400,000-tons a year because of the difficulty and cost of getting the phosphate form the mines of Al-Hasa to world markets.
The railway which will join the main Amman line with the port will cross the arid plateau of the Wadi Yutm and Wadi Hiswa.
Work began on June I, 1972 and is due for completion in 1975. Already the export expansion of the Jordanian Phosphate Mines Company is being based on the port of Aqaba.
A target of 1.3-million tons has been set for 1973 -- 40 per cent up on last year. But the processed phosphate will be greatly eased by the completion of the rail link.
By 1976 phosphate production may rise to 3-million tons a year, 50 per cent of which will be high grade.
The re-opening of the Suez Canal would allow Jordan to explore markets in Italy, Poland and Bulgaria, with the help of the improved internal transportation system.
The Aqaba rail link will cost 14-million pounds sterling (17.5 million Jordanian dinars) most of which has come from a loan by the West German Government.
The 116 kilometres (72 miles) railway from Bath El Ghuli is being built by the German Hielde and France company. The German company is levelling the railway routs and building tunnels. Then British sub-contractors, Grant and Lion will lay the track.
In anticipation of increased trade the town of Aqaba is expanding and two new phosphate stage unites each of 60,000 tons have been installed.