The Jura-cathedral and the Jura-place in Lvov where the battalion 'Nightingale' met, as soon as the German troops has marched in.
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Background: The Jura-cathedral and the Jura-place in Lvov where the battalion 'Nightingale' met, as soon as the German troops has marched in. With them June 29. 1941 was their political leader, first lieutenant Dr. Oberlander. From here Oberlander and his battalion 'Nightingale' went to commit their deeds. Let us follow in their footsteps.
On the balconies of this house in Lokettka Street, eight citizens of the city of Lvov were hanged.
In this house in Herbutov Street lived Professor Dr. Kazimir Barthel, former Premier of Poland. He was arrested duly 2 1941 and afterwards murdered.
19, Issakovitch Street. Here lived Professor Dr. Wladimir Krukovskij. This address too was included in the previously compiled murder list. Dr. Krukovskij was arrested July 3 end shot July 4.
55, Nabilaka Street, where Professor Anton Lomnitzkij lived, who was arrested July 3, 1941 and shot the next day. Professor Dr. Stanislaw Pilat, who lived in 9, Buguslavskij Street, suffered the same fate.
During June and July 1941, the staff of the extermination squad had its headquarters in the students' home in 14, Bursar Abromovitcha Street. Here too Oberlander came and went. The innocent victims were dragged into the cellar of the house and confined there until they were shot. Through this gate went the men and women, peaceful citizens of Lvov, innocent victims of Nazi terror. Through this gate were dragged the 36 professors of this town and thrown into the cellar.
Each single stone was then marked with the blood and the tears of peaceful citizens.
Over these stones trod the 36 professors when, July 4, they were led to their place of execution by their executioners. They were shot in a gorge at Wuletzkij hill, near the students' home.
Mr. Oberlander is sure to recognize this house as well. Here, in Lokettka Street was the headquarter of the Gestapo. Here sat the men, who, in 1943, led an action to wipe out all traces of Nazi terror. In this gorge in Lissnitzkij forest, the so-called death command burnt the remains of all murdered, shot and hanged victims of Oberlander.
Herr Oberlander claims, that no shot has been fired during his stay in Lvov.
Let us hear some eyewitness reports.
Mrs. Galina Ivanovna Weiser.
Professor Gabriel Sokolnitzkij of the Technical College, Lvov
Theodor Vassilievitch Sulim, 38, Watutina Street
Professor Korel Korani.
Before the beginning of the war 1941 I was working as market research leader of the trade organisation. From the first days of the war until the liberation of Lvov I was able to watch everything that happened in the town. On June 29th 1941, the German fascists and with them the battalion 'Nightingale' marched in, led by German officers. From this day onward the town suffered Terror, cruelties and the murder of peaceful citizens.
In Gorki Street I watched fascists break into a house and beat up the inhabitants. I could hear the screams of women and children through the open windows and suddenly I saw 2 people being thrown out of a second floor window and crash on the pavement of the street.
During the first days all remaining soviet citizens were ordered to register in Pelschinskij Street.
As I went to register, I saw German fascist lead men and women and old people out of a house on the corner of Tomitaki Street and Sopechi Street. They were beaten with whips and truncheons and some of them died in the street.
The others were taken to the prison in Lonskij Street. While I waited to register, I heard the sound of machinegun shots coming from the prison yard.
Immediately after the arrival of the fascists in Lvov there began mass-arrests of professional people, of lawyers, doctors and engineers.
In Anna Street, not far from where I live, 100 people were arrested during the night of 1.-2. July. They were taken to the 'Brigitta' prison, where they were shot. In the morning the naked corpses were taken away in open trucks, for all the inhabitants of the nearby streets to see.
Going along the Mieczkevich Street near the university during one of the first days, I saw a large group of soviet prisoners of war being led along. When one of the citizens tried to give a piece of bread to one of the prisoner, he was shot then and there by one of the guards, who drove the watching people away, calling: Anyone who tries to give food to the prisoners will be immediately shot.
On July 3rd the whole town was shocked by the news, that well known scientists, professors and writers had been arrested and shot on the hill at Gulezki Street. The battalion 'Nightingale' and its German officers took active part in all these actions.
Eyewitness report Theodor Vassilivich Sulim
June 29 the Hitler troops marched into the city of Lvov. As a sovier journalist, who could not leave the town in time, I saw and heard all atrocities which were committed by the Germans from the first day on.
The main aim of the Nazis was to exterminate the peaceful soviet inhabitants including the intelligentsia. On the balcony of the opera house of Lvov, for instance, 12 representatives of the intelligentsia, among them my comrade, student Sergej Ludowizkij, were hanged.
During the very first days the town gasped at the news, that the fascists had arrested such leading scientists a Professor Dr. Bartel, Professor Dr. Ostrovski, Professor Milarovich, Professor Mund, Professor Stojok, Professor Milarovitch, Professor Mund, Professor Stojck, Professor Domasevitch, Professor Pilat and many others. All 38 professors were reported to be held in a building in the Bursa Abramovitcha, near Wuletzki Street. At that time i was living in Potoztki Street and could watch the slope of Wuletzki Hill. through my window. I observed the following scene:
From the house in Bursa Abramovitcha a group of Germans moved down the slope. They led a number of people in civilian clothing. In the middle of the slope, the detachment halted and, apparently, ordered the civilians to dig holes. Shortly afterwards I heard the short, coughing sound of machinegun shots and saw the civilians fall into the ditches. The Nazis covered their victims up and went away in direction of Bursa Abramovitcha Street. The following day I was told by my neighbour, Professor Stanislav Piontek, that the shot men were those very wellknown personalities mentioned above.