• Short Summary

    King Faisal of Saudi Arabia has renewed his call to Moslems throughout the world to declare a holy war against Israel "in defence of holy places and homelands".

  • Description

    King Faisal of Saudi Arabia has renewed his call to Moslems throughout the world to declare a holy war against Israel "in defence of holy places and homelands".

    The Saudi monarch was speaking at a party in Mecca for leaders of pilgrimage delegations and diplomatic envoys from Arab and moslem countries. He said Moslems were still suffering from what he called wrongful aggression by Israel.

    The king entertained his guests at the royal palace in Mecca, before joining pilgrims taking part in their sacred ceremonies last weekend.

    Once a year, nearly one and a half million Moslems make their pilgrimage to the foremost sacred city of Islam.

    The pilgrimage -- or -- "haj" is something every Moslem must make at least once in his lifetime, if he is physically able.

    It includes a visit to the giant Mosque of Mecca, where pilgrims carry out their devotions.

    The King led the pilgrimage to the Ka'ba, a small stone building which is the heart of the temple of Mecca. There he performed the ceremony of washing the Ka'ba and the rite of circumambulation, or walking seven times around the sacred building, before kissing the Black Stone of Mecca.

    The sacred stone is built into the eastern corner of the Ka'ba and is kissed by all pilgrims to the temple.

    The King was followed by members of the royal family, Government officials and visiting pilgrim leaders.

    Thousands of pilgrims waited in the tent city on the plain of Arafat for their turn to complete the pilgrimage, and to take part in the stoning of the "great devil", which is said to commemorate the action of Mohammed in spurning Satan's attempts to lead him into sin.

    King Faisal again met pilgrim leaders when he farewelled them at his country palace in Mina, near Mecca -- a regular practice of the King at the end of every pilgrimage.

    SYNOPSIS: At Mecca, the foremost sacred city of the Islamic religion, Saudi Arabia's King Faisal entertains leaders of pilgrims from around the world in his royal palace. Almost a million and a half Moslems make their pilgrimage.... or "haj"...each year, and the royal welcome is part of the series of ceremonies that take place in and around the sacred city during the ritual visit.

    Leaving the royal palace, the King joins the thousands of pilgrims to Mecca. The giant mosque has from very early times been the core of the city, and plays an important part in the devotional ceremonies.

    The King led the pilgrimage to the Ka'ba, the small stone building which is the heart of the temple, where he kissed the Black Stone.

    After members of the royal family, Government officials and visiting pilgrim leaders came the pilgrims themselves.

    Home for the pilgrims during their short visit to Mecca is the tent city that springs up on the plain of Arafat. It is here that Adam and Hawa, the Moslem name for Eve, are believed to have bee reunited after being sent from the Garden of Eden. Their prayers for Allah's forgiveness are said to have been answered.

    Any Moslem who goes to Arafat believes he leaves completely free from sin after he, too, prays to Allah for forgiveness.

    The time spent living in the crowded surroundings of the tent city is part of the important rite of becoming cleansed of their past life for young and old pilgrims.

    Then the act brings the pilgrims even closer to Allah....the ritual stoning of the "great devil", an effigy of Satan. This is said to commemorate the action of Mohammed in stoning the Devil for attempting to lead him into sin.

    Later, King Faisal paid his respects to the pilgrims by again meeting their leaders and farewelling them at his country palace in Mina, east of Mecca. The end of the pilgrimage means they can return to their homes bearing the honoured name of Haji.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVACF8FCB4OYW1RY17B4SPJKJ3Y
    Media URN:
    VLVACF8FCB4OYW1RY17B4SPJKJ3Y
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    17/01/1973
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:41:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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