• Short Summary

    THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT HAS WON PARLIAMENTARY BACKING FOR ITS PLAN TO GIVE WIDER AUTONOMY TO THE GERMAN-SPEAKING SOUTH TYROL.

  • Description


    BAND IN CEREMONIAL DRESS PLAYING AS PARADE MARCHES THROUGH STREETS OF INNSBRUCK (NATURAL SOUND ON FILM); MEMBERS OF THE B.A.S. (SOUTH TYROL FREEDOM MOVEMENT) FASTEN EXPLOSIVES TO ELECTRICITY PYLON; FLASHBACK TO PYLONS BLOWN UP IN 1963; WRECKED RAILWAY LINES IN 1961; BOMB INCIDENT IN VIENNA IN 1966 AND DEMONSTRATION AGAINST THE ALTO ADIGE SABOTAGE IN ROME, 1963; SIGNOR TAVIANI SPEAKING IN PARLIAMENT IN ROME ON SEPT. 15TH; SIGNOR MORO SPEAKING IN PARLIAMENT; A SOUND ON FILM STATEMENT FROM DR NORBERT BURGER, SAID TO BE A SPEAKER FOR THE B.A.S.; A SOUND ON FILM STATEMENT FROM DR. VOLGGER, DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE SOUTH TYROLEAN PEOPLE'S PARTY; A POLICE HELICOPTER PATROL OVER AUSTRIAN-ITALIAN BORDER; SCENES IN BOLZANO, THE SOUTH TYROL CAPITAL, AND POSTER READING:"EUROPE, SOUTH TYROL AND YOU ??"



    DR. BURGER:



    "THE B.A.S. DEMANDS SELF-DETERMINATION FOR THE SOUTH TYROL, THAT IS THE GRANTING AND CONDUCTING OF A PLEBISCITE. ONLY THE GRANTING AND CONDUCTING OF A REALLY GENEROUS AUTONOMY, SIMILAR TO THAT WHICH IS ENJOYED BY THE SWEDISH POPULATION OF THE FINNISH ALAND ISLANDS, COULD ACHIEVE A POSTPONEMENT OF THE CAMPAIGN FOR SELF-DETERMINATION. WHAT IS BEING OFFERED NOW IS ONLY A HALF-MEASURE AND WILL NOT LEAD TO A JUST SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM. IT WOULD NOT INDUCE THE B.A.S. TO END ITS CAMPAIGN UNTIL THE VITAL RIGHTS OF SOUTH TYROLEANS ARE GUARANTEED."



    DR. VOLGGER:



    "SUBJECT TO THE CLARIFICATION OF A NUMBER OF POINTS THE PARTY COMMITTEE HAS DECIDED TO RECOMMEND TO THE PARTY CONGRESS THAT THE ITALIAN OFFER BE ACCEPTED. REGARDS THE MUCH-QUOTED QUESTION OF INTERNATIONAL SAFEGUARDS, THE SOUTH TYROL PEOPLE'S PARTY HOLDS THE VIEW THAT WE HAVE ALSO COME CLOSER TO A FORMULA WHICH GIVES US A GUARANTEE THAT THE ITALIAN OFFERS WILL BE TRANSLATED INTO REALITY."




    Initials


    VISNEWS SPECIAL REPORT

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT HAS WON PARLIAMENTARY BACKING FOR ITS PLAN TO GIVE WIDER AUTONOMY TO THE GERMAN-SPEAKING SOUTH TYROL. A VOTE TAKEN AT THE END OF A FOUR-DAY DEBATE THIS MONTH ALSO GAINED SUPPORT FOR VIGOROUS MILITARY ACTION AGAINST WHAT THE GOVERNMENT DESCRIBES AS "NEO-NAZI TERRORISM" IN THE PROVINCE. THE DEBATE WAS INITIATED BY RECENT ACTS OF VIOLENCE IN THE SOUTH TYROL BY POLITICAL GROUPS WHO WANT THE PROVINCE INCORPORATED INTO AUSTRIA OR A GREATER GERMANY.

    INCIDENTS IN THE SOUTH TYROL SINCE 1956 HAVE RANGED FROM SABOTAGE OF ELECTRICITY PYLONS TO ATTACKS ON THE ITALIAN ARMED FORCES. TWENTY-THREE POLICE AND SOLDIERS HAVE BEEN KILLED BY THESE UNSEEN ATTACKERS IN THE LAST FOUR YEARS. TWO OF THEM LOST THEIR LIVES THIS MONTH WHEN PART OF A MOUNTAIN BARRACKS WAS BLOWN UP NEAR BRENNER. LAST WEEK AN ALPINE PATROL SHOT AND KILLED A YOUTH WHO WAS SAID TO BE ACTING SUSPICIOUSLY NEAR A POWER STATION ON THE ITALIAN-AUSTRIAN BORDER.

    THE SOUTH TYROL, ALSO KNOWN AS ALTO ADIGE, FORMED PART OF THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE UNTIL IT WAS TRANSFERRED TO ITALY TOGETHER WITH THE ADJOINING PROVINCE OF TRENTINO AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR BY THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES. ITS GERMAN SPEAKING INHABITANTS NUMBER 240,000 AND REPRESENT 65 PER-CENT OF THE POPULATION. THEY DOMINATE THE COMMERCIAL LIFE OF THE PROVINCE AND OWN 90 PER-CENT OF ITS AGRICULTURAL LAND -- BUT THEIR SPIRITUAL AND CULTURAL TIES ARE NORTHWARDS ACROSS THE ALPS RATHER THAN SOUTHWARDS ON THE ITALIAN MAINLAND.

    IN 1945, AUSTRIA ADVANCED A CLAIM TO THE SOUTH TYROL, WHICH WAS REJECTED BY THE GREAT POWERS. IN 1946, THE ITALIAN AND AUSTRIAN PRIME MINISTERS, SIGNOR DE GASPERI, AND DR. GRUBER, NEGOTIATED AN AGREEMENT OVER THE AREA, WHICH GAVE IT A WIDE MEASURE OF LOCAL AUTONOMY AND GUARANTEED ITS CITIZENS THEIR RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS.

    DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND ITALY OVER THE INTERPRETATION OF THE PACT AROSE IN 1956. IN ITALIAN EYES THE ESSENTIAL CONDITION OF THE AGREEMENT WAS FULFILLED IN 1948 WHEN THE AUTONOMOUS REGION OF TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE WAS CREATED. BUT THE AUSTRIANS WERE NOW OBJECTING TO THE LINKING OF THESE TWO PROVINCES INTO A SINGLE REGION. THEY CLAIMED THAT THE GERMAN-SPEAKING MAJORITY IN THE ALTO-ADIGE WAS SWAMPED BY THE LARGER ITALIAN-SPEAKING MAJORITY IN THE TRENTINO AND THE FUNDAMENTAL PURPOSE OF THE AGREEMENT WAS THEREFORE DEFEATED.

    DISCUSSIONS BETWEEN THE AUSTRIAN AND ITALIAN GOVERNMENTS FAILED TO RESOLVE THESE DIFFERENCES. AND A CAMPAIGN OF VIOLENCE IN COMMUNICATIONS IN THE SOUTH TYROL, FURTHER EMBITTERED THE ATMOSPHERE. THESE ACTS OF SABOTAGE IN THE PROVINCE HAVE CONTINUED EVER SINCE. TOURISM, A MAJOR INDUSTRY IN THE ALTO ADIGE, WAS SEVERELY AFFECTED IN 1963 WHEN NO FEWER THAN 27 BOMB EXPLOSIONS KEPT THE VISITORS AWAY.

    WHEN 58 ALLEGED TERRORISTS WERE PUT ON TRIAL IN MILAN THIS YEAR -- 32 OF THEM "IN ABSENTIA" -- THE 1,000-WORD INDICTMENT SAID THE DIRECTION OF THE SELF-STYLED "SOUTH TYROL FREEDOM MOVEMENT" SEEMED TO HAVE MOVED FROM SOUTH TYROLESE INTO AUSTRIAN AND GERMAN HANDS. THE EXAMINING MAGISTRATE SAID THE RECORD OF SOME OF THE ACCUSED PROVED THAT THE MOVEMENT WAS IN FACT A PAN-GERMANIST AND NEO-NAZI RACIALIST ORGANISATION AND OPERATED FORM AUSTRIAN AND GERMAN BASES.

    DR. SCHROEDER, THE WEST GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER, SAID ON SEPTEMBER 15TH THAT THE WEST GERMAN GOVERNMENT AND PEOPLE CONDEMNED ACTS OF VIOLENCE IN ALTO ADIGE MOST DEEPLY. HE SAID HIS GOVERNMENT WAS DOING EVERYTHING POSSIBLE TO HELP THAT ITALIAN AND AUSTRIAN AUTHORITIES INVESTIGATE THE INCIDENTS. HE ADDED THAT HIS GOVERNMENT REGRETTED THAT A SMALL NUMBER OF WEST GERMAN NATIONALS WERE INVOLVED IN THESE ACTS OF VIOLENCE. BUT HE REJECTED CHARGES MADE BY THE ITALIAN PRESS THAT WEST GERMANY SYMPATHISED WITH THE ALTO ADIGE "FREEDOM" MOVEMENTS.

    AT THE END OF THE ITALIAN PARLIAMENT'S DEBATE ON ALTO ADIGE, SIGNOR PAOLO TAVANI, THE MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR, SAID THAT ITALIAN SECURITY FORCES THERE HAD ORDERS TO SHOOT AT KNOWN "TERRORISTS" ON SIGHT. THEY WERE ALSO AUTHORISED TO SHOOT ANYONE WHO APPROACHED FRONTIER POSTS OR BARRACKS WITHOUT OBEYING THE ORDER TO HALT.

    SIGNOR MORO, THE PRIME MINISTER, DEFENDED THE GOVERNMENT'S COURSE OF GRANTING AUTONOMY TO THE GERMAN-SPEAKING MAJORITY OF THE PROVINCE. HE ALSO PROMISED ADEQUATE SAFEGUARDS OF ITALIAN SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE AREA AND OF THE INTERESTS OF THE ITALIAN-SPEAKING THIRD OF THE POPULATION. HE SAID THE GOVERNMENT WOULD CONTINUE TO DEMAND ACTION FROM AUSTRIA AND WEST GERMANY AGAINST "TERRORIST" GROUPS AND THEIR FINANCIAL SUPPORTERS WHO OPERATED FROM THEIR TERRITORIES.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVACBXU2360F1JFQO1VT678DOJSQ
    Media URN:
    VLVACBXU2360F1JFQO1VT678DOJSQ
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    28/09/1966
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:07:42:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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