International aviation experts gathered in Montreal, on Thursday (September 15) to discuss the shooting down of the South Korean airliner by the Soviets on September 1.
AERIAL VIEWS Race in progress.
AERIAL VIEW Both boats tacking -- Australia II (light hull) and Liberty (dark hull).
SV during protest incident Australia II PULL BACK TO GV Liberty.
SV Crewman up mast of Australia II. (2 SHOTS)
AERIAL VIEW Race in progress.
SV Spectator watching with binoculars.
AERIAL VIEW Liberty. (3 SHOTS)
SCU Alan bond speaking to media. (SOT)
AERIAL VIEW Repeat of protest incident.
TRANSCRIPT: BOND: (SEQ 8) "We would have had a collision. They tacked in our water and we had to avoid a collision. Now, they must prove they didn't tack in our water."
FAHMY: SEPTEMBER 12-13, 1983: SV ZOOM INTO CU People at fruit and vegetable market
TRACKING SHOT Ramadan Ten satellite city, 96 kms from Cairo
GVs & SVs construction under way in city suburbs (8 shots)
GV PAN TO SVs, GV ZOOM INTO SV Brickworks on the banks of the Nile; workers carrying bricks; bricks spread in the sun (4 shots)
VISLIB: MARCH 10, 1983: GVs & CUs Workers clearing rubble from site of building collapse; resident's belongings in the debris; wounded being tended in hospital (7 shots)
MARCH 6, 1983: GV PAN & GVs Crane removes wreckage from site of collapsed apartment block; police keep onlookers away from the ruins (3 shots)
DECEMBER, 1982: TVs & GV PAN Traffic congestion in central Cairo; the Nile River, running through Cairo (3 shots)
GVs Repair work under way on city sewerage system; sewage and dirty water flooding streets as cars, cyclists and pedestrians cross the street (5 shots)
JUNE 30, 1983: GVs SVs AND ZOOM INTO CU Excavator clears canal; vaccinated against "summer sickness"; anti-cholera vaccine in bottle (5 shots)
FEBRUARY 1983: GVS & GV PAN Children selling goods to motorists (2 shots)
NEAR CAIRO: GV & SVs Child hoeing soil (2 shots)
GV Journalist and cameramen surround Jesse Jackson in streets of West Berlin. (2 SHOTS)
GV Building and Jackson emerging holding hands of people and walks off down street surrounded by media people. (4 SHOTS)
GV In Shouf Mountains, Lebanese troops shelling positions (4 SHOTS)
SV soldiers undoing supply crates while tanks rumble past. (2 SHOTS)
GV Shelling in mountains.
SV Lebanese tanks in streets with troops holding positions. (3 SHOTS)
SV Lebanese soldiers with wounded.
SV Lebanese soldier in bunker and firing from positions. (2 SHOTS)
GV Beirut customs building bombed. (2 SHOTS)
GV Gunmen firing from rooftop.
GV Soldiers fighting.
SV President Gemayel with Saudi Minister on negotiating mission with Prime Minister Wassam. (3 SHOTS)
GV U.S. soldiers outside embassy.
CU PULL BACK TO GV Flag outside embassy.
GV Damage on embassy roof with people studying broken glass and damage. (3 SHOTS)
GV Government troops in Oum Chalouba. (2 SHOTS)
SV PAN & CU Troops showing captured anti-tank weapons and shells. (2 SHOTS
SV Captured tank. (2 SHOTS)
CU PULL BACK TO SV PAN & GV Prisoners of war. (2 SHOTS)
SV PULL BACK TO GV Government troops boarding vehicle and leaving for scene of battle. (4 SHOTS)
GV bodies of rebel troops. (2 SHOTS)
SVs & GV Troops inspecting burnt out and captured enemy vehicles . (3 SHOTS)
SV ZOOM INTO CU & GVs Crates of ammunition, one box with sign saying "Tripoli LAR"
VISLIB: 1979: CU Silicon chips on man's fingertips
TOKYO, JAPAN: 1982: SV & SCUs Woman loading and using "talking camera, taking a photo of another woman; photo emerges from camera. (3 shots)
SVs & SCUs Japanese national telephone company's computer monitors; technicians using computers; robot arm turning pages of telephone directory (3 shots)
WEST GERMANY, 1982: SVs & SCUs Man using "letter-box" telephone: woman and man using videophone (7 shots)
LONDON, UK: MAY 12, 1983: GVs, SVs ZOOM TO SCU The voice of Mr. Mike Bostock, of the Micro Education Programme,over students watching robot buggy; Bostock interviewed by reporter, Anne Diamond (SOT) (4 shots)
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, USA: 1983: SVs, GV & SCUs Five-year old children learning to red and write with the aid of a computer; computer panel in classroom; senior students working at computers (7 shots)
BETHESDA, MARYLAND, USA: JULY 21, 1983: CU AND SCU Children working at computer, programming music score (2 shots)
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, USA: APRIL 24, 1983: GVs Computer-controlled animated game sequences; laser-beam version of video disc (8 shots)
(MUTE) NCR: UNDATED: STILLS: Computer componentry (5 shots)
(SOUND) LEO WALLER: AUGUST 30, 1983: SCU Mr. Richard Sharpe, editor of "computer" magazine interviewed by Visnews reporter, Chris Travers (SOT)
SPEECH TRANSCRIPT (SEQUENCE FIVE):
BOSTOCK: "I think at the moment in schools, there's ben a big growth in computers and I think one of the most interesting things is the way in which computers can do more than just present screen designs. And it seems important for us that our children in schools should be, ought to be, able to use computers in all the variety of ways that they're used in industry."
REPORTER, ANNE DIAMOND: "It's yet another step then towards the fact that most children are going to be understanding computers far more than their parents?"
BOSTOCK: "Well, this is very true of course. I think children,as we've shown today, the young girls are finding this quite a fascinating thing. They want to go and want to play with it and I think as adults are being left very much behind."
SPEECH TRANSCRIPT (SEQUENCE 10):
REPORTER, CHRIS TRAVERS: "There seems to be a particular emphasis on the development of the so-called super-computer which can, it is believed, be able to think, to a certain degree, for human operators. What is the state of the competition there?"
SHARPE: "Well, first, I don't think any computer is going to think. Just as any clock won't be able to tell you the time; you'll have to read it. You'll have to read what it says. The state of the play at the moment is that the Japanese are considerably advanced in their super-computer development and the United States have recently put on a spurt. And it's not clear, as I said before, which one is going to come out first. But piling more and more processing power in a machine is not going to crack the problem. It's not going to crack the central problems. We must have much more powerful computers than we have at the moment. The commercial range of computers at the top nowadays performs 10 or 12 million instructions a second. Undoubtedly true, with chip developments and with packaging developments, that in the next 10 years or so, that's going to double or probably treble. Now it's at the cutting edge of major commercial applications, widespread commercial applications, that the real money is made -- not just at the top end where you have one, two, 20, 50 super-computers."
GV International Civil Aviation Organisation meeting place in Montreal.
SV Ivan Orlevitz of USSR PAN TO Lyn Helms of US.
SV Delegates talking. (2 SHOTS)
SV Korean delegates. (SOT)
SV Delegates listening to English translation. (4 SHOTS)
GV ZOOM IN TO Building (English translation continues).
TRANSCRIPT: KOREAN DELEGATE: (SEQ 4, 5 & 6) "Mr. President, the simple and irrefutable fact is the unarmed, civilian passenger plane of Korean Airlines was deliberately, knowingly and secretly, targeted and destroyed by the arms of the Soviet Union. It was just like a deer, skilfully trailed and hunted down like a savage animal."
GV Ships in container port in Shanghai. (2 SHOTS)
GV container berth.
GV Ship being loaded.
GV Roads being widened and work on port underway. (5 SHOTS)
GV Ship being loaded.
GV Workman manoeuvring material for loading. (3 SHOTS)
GV Sailing junks on river.
VARIOUS SHOTS CARS TO, PAST AND FROM CAMERA ON RALLY STAGE.
VARIOUS SHOTS CARS IN SERVICE AREA.
TILT UP 'HENRI TOIVONEN' AND 'FRED GALLAGHER' SIGN, ON CAR TO CS TOIVONEN IN CAR NO. 2.
CAR NO 2 SETS OFF ON RALLY STAGE.
CS 'ARI VATANEN' AND 'TERRY HARRYMAN' SIGN ON CAR.
CAR NO 3 SETS OFF ON RALLY STAGE.
VARIOUS SHOTS CARS ON RALLY STAGE.
Initials MAW/JRS MAW/JRS
NOTE TO EDITORS: THIS STORY HAS COMMENTARY BY BBC REPORTER BRIAN HANRAHAN, WHICH MAY BE USED IF REQUIRED.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: International aviation experts gathered in Montreal, on Thursday (September 15) to discuss the shooting down of the South Korean airliner by the Soviets on September 1. The meeting was called by the South Koreans, and representatives of the 33 member countries, including the Soviet Union attended. On the first day, the delegates heard a hardhitting speech by the South Korean delegation which used words like 'blackmail', 'intimidation' and 'brutality'. The delegates claimed the civil airliner was like a deer which was skilfully trailed and hunted down by a savage animal. Making the speech, Park Kun, Dean of the Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security in the South Korean Foreign Ministry, said the Soviets must have known they were shooting down a passenger airline. The International Civil Aviation Organisation is a United Nations Agency which drafts air safety rules. It is dominated by Western-member states who seem likely to pass a resolution condemning Moscow. Many delegates have called for tighter, improved rules of the air covering everything from navigation procedures to better co-ordination between civil and military air traffic controllers.
After turning its back on the rest of the world for years, China is now anxious to increase its foreign trade. However, a major problem the country is facing is the state of its ports. Years of neglect have left the country without the infrastructure it needs to export its goods in sufficient quantities. Shanghai is China's largest port. Forty per cent of the country's trade passes through there, but the port is hampered by old equipment and inefficient handling. A new container port has been built and is waiting for the equipment to arrive. Other berths have started operating and more will follow. But the project means more than that. Access roads have to be widened to handle container trucks. Hectares (acres) of warehouse will be needed as well as housing for the work force. Others ports along the China seaboard are planning to follow Shanghai's lead. The development is vital for the country's economic growth. At present, most cargoes are still loaded up over the side -- under the direction of stevedores wearing hard hats made of rattan. It is a technique which has seen limited change since steamers took over from the old sailing junks which can still be seen plying the rivers. But China is determined that the ports will be upgraded and improved to suit modern needs.