Mwami (paramount chief) Mwambutsa of Urundi - in Belgium at the invitation of King Beudouin - met Belgian Minister for the Congo, M.
Mwami (paramount chief) Mwambutsa of Urundi - in Belgium at the invitation of King Beudouin - met Belgian Minister for the Congo, M. de Schryver, in Brussels, November 9, and later was received in audience by the King.
The Mwami was informed on the statement which the Belgian Government was to issue in Parliament, November 10, concerning the mandated territories of Ruanda and Urundi, 20,500-square-mile combined African kingdoms under U.N. trusteeship, between the Belgian Congo and Tanganyika.
King Bedouin's invitation had originally been extended to both Mwamis, but the paramount ruler of Ruanda decided not to leave his territory because of the trouble situation there.
Incidents in Ruanda - where hundreds have been killed in tribal clashes - arise from local developments. In accordance with wishes of the U.N. Trusteeship Council and Belgian policy, an evolution towards some kind of constitutional monarchy for Ruanda has been prepared. This has dismayed the ruling Watutsi minority class who want to maintain the feudal system.
On the death last July of the Mwami Charles Matura 111 Rudahigwa (see our Prod. No. 5297/59), who died without heir, it was arranged by the council of ritual chiefs, without prior notice to Belgian authorities, that his brother should succeed him with the title of Kigeri V. Since then, political factions have come into being and tension has mounted steadily.
As there are no troops in the mandated territories, detachments of the Congo territorial forces, Africans under Belgian command, have been sent to restore order. European settlers in Ruanda have been armed after volunteering to help security forces.
Clashes between rival tribesmen increasing, the authorities, November 9, ordered a regime of military occupation - a mild form of emergency state - in the territory, and a battalion of police was sent to Kigali, Ruanda's commercial capital. According to latest reports, Belgium is considering a petition to the U.N. for military aid in Ruanda.