The leaders of eleven political factions met in the Chad capital of N'Djamena last Tuesday (16 October).
The leaders of eleven political factions met in the Chad capital of N'Djamena last Tuesday (16 October). The meeting was a working session considering ways of forming a new national government. Chad has been plagued by an internal war for more than twelve years. Meetings in Nigeria earlier in August agreed on the formation of a government to be led by the leader of the Chad Liberation Front (Frolinat) Goukouni Oueddei. But the government has since been called an interim one and last week's meeting attempted to set the framework for a new government which reflects the interests of all the factions.
SYNOPSIS: One of the leading delegates at the talks was President Goukouni Oueddei who reflected not only the position of the current interim government, but of his Chad Liberation Front. There were nine factions presented at the Kano and Lagos meetings but the number had increased to eleven by the time of the N'Djamena talks.
Hisseine Habre is seen as an obstacle to peace in the country by the current vice-President Kamouge.
Commandant Roussingar represented Vice-President Kamouge who once threatened to lead the secession of southern, predominantly Christian, Chad. Mr. Kamouge has repeatedly complained that N'Djamena is not secure enough for meetings such as this one. Demilitarisation of the capital was agreed upon by all the factions and troops continue to be withdrawn.
But control of the armed forces continues to be the main problem. Everyone agrees that the army must be a national one -- but Ouedder Kamouge and Habre all see themselves -- at the command of any armed forces. Meanwhile the French army has been asked to stay on to ensure some stability within the country.