• Short Summary

    DISCUSSIONS ON THE NEED FOR NEW AIRPORTS IN THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN AND BRITAIN HAS BROUGHT INTO FOCUS THE ENORMOUS PROBLEMS OF ADMINISTRATION NOW BEING FACED AT THE WORLD'S MAJOR AIR TERMINALS, THREE OF WHICH ARE SHOWN IN THIS FILM -- O'HARE, CHICAGO, HANEIDA, TOKYO AND LONDON HEATHROW.

  • Description

    DISCUSSIONS ON THE NEED FOR NEW AIRPORTS IN THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN AND BRITAIN HAS BROUGHT INTO FOCUS THE ENORMOUS PROBLEMS OF ADMINISTRATION NOW BEING FACED AT THE WORLD'S MAJOR AIR TERMINALS, THREE OF WHICH ARE SHOWN IN THIS FILM -- O'HARE, CHICAGO, HANEIDA, TOKYO AND LONDON HEATHROW. IN THE UNITED STATES THE FEDERAL AVIATION AUTHORITY HAS SUGGESTED BUILDING AN ADDITIONAL 800 AIRPORTS IN THE NEXT FIVE YEARS TO RELIEVE THE CONGESTION NOW CAUSING DELAYS AND DISRUPTION AT THE EXISTING 3,000 AMERICAN AIRPORTS. IN TOKYO A NEW AIRPORT IS BEING BUILT BECAUSE HANEIDA HAS IN ONLY A FEW YEARS BECOME INADEQUATE TO HANDLE THE OVERSEAS AND DOMESTIC FLIGHTS LANDING THERE. HEATHROW IS THE LARGER OF LONDON'S TWO INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC AIRPORTS,AND A SITE IS NOW BEING SELECTED FOR A THIRD AIRPORT WITHIN EASY REACH OF THE CITY.

    O'HARE AIRPORT IS THE BUSIEST IN THE WORLD. SERVING MAINLY DOMESTIC FLIGHTS IT HANDLES MORE THAN 271/2-MILLION PASSENGERS A YEAR, AND MORE THAN 573-THOUSAND AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS. EXTENSIONS ARE BEING MADE TO THE AIRPORT AT AN INITIAL COST F 16-MILLION U.S. DOLLARS, AND ANOTHER PLAN NOW BEING CONSIDERED CALLS FOR EXPENDITURE OF 350-MILLION DOLLARS IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS TO INCREASE AND IMPROVE THE FACILITIES AT O'HARE.

    HANEIDA IS THE LARGEST COMMERCIAL AIRPORT IN ASIA. IN TWELVE YEARS THE NUMBER OF PASSENGER USING THE AIRPORT HAS RISEN FROM JUST OVER 700-THOUSAND A YEAR TO MORE THAN FOUR MILLION. AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS THROUGH THE AIRPORT TOTAL 144-THOUSAND A YEAR -- OR 400 ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES EACH DAY. HANEIDA CAN NOW BARELY COPE WITH THE TRAFFIC, AND A NEW AIRPORT, THREE TIMES LARGER THAN HANEIDA, IS BEING BUILT AT NARITA, 100 KILOMETRES NORTH OF TOKYO. THE NEW AIRPORT, COSTING 4,000-MILLION DOLLARS WILL BE ABLE TO HANDLE UP TO 260,THOUSAND FLIGHTS A YEAR, INCLUDING THE CONCORDE AND AMERICAN JUMBO JETS SOON TO ENTER SERVICE ON INTERNATIONAL ROUTES. THE NARITA AIR TERMINAL IS DUE TO BE COMPLETED BY MARCH, 1974.

    HEATHROW WAS ESTABLISHED AS AN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN 1946, WHEN MANY OF THE PASSENGER FACILITIES WERE IN TENTS. TWENTY THREE YEARS AGO THE ANNUAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC THROUGH THE AIRPORT TOTALLED ABOUT 63-THOUSAND. LAST YEAR 13 1/2-MILLION PASSENGER WERE HANDLED AT HEATHROW, AND AIR TRANSPORT MOVEMENTS TOTALLED MORE THAN 220-THOUSAND FLIGHTS INTO OR OUT OF LONDON. HEATHROW RANKS AS THE WORLD'S FOURTH BUSIEST AIRPORT IN TERMS OF PASSENGER TRAFFIC, ALTHOUGH ONLY NINTH IN TERMS OF TRANSPORT MOVEMENTS. FOUR SITES WITH 40 MILES OF LONDON ARE NOW BEING CONSIDERED FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A THIRD AIRPORT TO SERVE THE CAPITAL AND THE REMAINDER OF SOUTHERN ENGLAND.

    SYNOPSIS: THE CONTROL TOWER OF CHICAGO'S O'HARE AIRPORT, CONTROLLING ALL AIRCRAFT ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES FROM THE WORLD'S BUSIEST AIRPORT.

    O'HARE IS MAINLY USED FOR DOMESTIC FLIGHT IN THE UNITED STATES, AND IN ONE YEAR MORE THAN 573-THOUSAND AIRCRAFT LAND OR TAKE-OFF FROM ITS MINOR MAZE OF RUNWAYS.

    THE ADVENT OF SUPERSONIC AND JUMBO JETS, AND THE WORLD-WIDE INCREASE IN AIR TRAFFIC, HAS BROUGHT THE INADEQUACIES OF AIRPORTS LIKE O'HARE INTO PERSPECTIVE. INTERNAL TRAFFIC CHAOS IS A UNIVERSAL PROBLEM. IT IS ESTIMATED THAT IT'S QUICKER TO FLY FROM O'HARE TO ST. LOUIS -- APPROXIMATELY ONE HOUR'S FLYING TIME -- THAN IT IS TO PARK A CAR AND REACH THE CHECK-IN COUNTER AT O'HARE AIRPORT.

    EXTENSIONS ARE BEING MADE AT THE AIRPORT, AT AN INITIAL COST OF 16-MILLION DOLLARS. THERE IS ANOTHER PLAN UNDER CONSIDERATION--IT CALLS FOR EXPENDITURE OF 350-MILLION DOLLARS ON IMPROVING AIRPORT FACILITIES.

    TWENTY-SEVEN AND A HALF MILLION PEOPLE EITHER ARRIVE OR DEPART AT O'HARE AIRPORT EACH YEAR, AND MANY PASSENGERS COMPLAIN THAT SERVICES -- SUCH AS PORTERAGE -- ARE ALMOST NON-EXISTENT, ALTHOUGH THERE IS A COMPLICATED SYSTEM ON CONVEYOR BELTS TO SHUFFLE LUGGAGE WITHIN THE TERMINAL BUILDINGS.

    THERE HAS BEEN LITTLE CRITICISM CONCERNING THE ROLE OF THE INDIVIDUAL AIRLINES OPERATING TICKET COUNTERS AND RECEPTION AREAS AT THE CHICAGO AIRPORT. ABOUT FORTY PER CENT OF PASSENGERS TRAVELLING THROUGH O'HARE ARE THOSE WHO HAVE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE INTERNAL FLIGHT TO ANOTHER OPERATED BY A DIFFERENT AIRLINE.

    BUT HOWEVER IMPRESSIVE THE FIGURES OF PASSENGER AND TRAFFIC FLOW -- TWENTY-SEVEN AND A HALF MILLION PASSENGERS AND HALF A MILLION FLIGHTS -- OFFICIALS AGREE THAT O'HARE HAS MORE THAN EXCEEDED THE LIMIT OF TRAFFIC IT WAS DESIGNED FOR.

    HANEIDA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, IN TOKYO, IS AMONG THE FASTEST GROWING AIRPORTS IN THE WORLD -- AND ALREADY IT HAS BECOME INADEQUATE TO MEET THE TRAFFIC DEMANDS MADE ON ITS FACILITIES. IT IS THE LARGEST COMMERCIAL AIRPORT IN ASIA, SERVING THREE DOMESTIC JAPANESE AIRLINES AND TWENTY INTERNATIONAL OPERATORS.

    EACH YEAR HANEIDA AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL COPES WITH MORE THAN 144-THOUSAND AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS -- OR FOUR HUNDRED INWARD OR OUTWARD FLIGHTS A DAY.

    APART FROM INCREASING PASSENGER TRAFFIC, HANEIDA HAS ALSO HAD TO MAKE FACILITIES AVAILABLE FOR FREIGHT -- A LUCRATIVE AND GROWING PORTION OF REVENUE TO AIRLINE OPERATORS.

    IN TWELVE YEARS HANEIDA'S PASSENGER TRAFFIC HAS RISEN FROM 700-THOUSAND TO MORE THAN FOUR MILLION. A NEW AIRPORT IS NOW BEING CONSTRUCTED AT NARITA TO MATCH THE AIR TRAFFIC DEMANDS OF THE FUTURE.

    LONDON'S HEATHROW AIRPORT BEGAN AS AN INTERNATIONAL AVIATION TERMINAL IN 1946, WITH ABOUT 63-THOUSAND PASSENGERS A YEAR ARRIVING OR DEPARTING THROUGH ITS MAKE-SHIFT TENT FACILITIES. IN 1968 MORE THAN 13-MILLION PEOPLE PASSED THROUGH THE COMPLEX OF MODERN TERMINALS THAT NOW MAKE UP HEATHROW.

    HEATHROW NOW HAS THREE MODERN TERMINAL BUILDINGS -- FOR INTER-CONTINENTAL, CONTINENTAL (EUROPE) AND DOMESTIC FLIGHTS.

    LONDON HAS TWO AIRPORTS -- HEATHROW BY FAR THE LARGER. BUT THE NEED IS ACUTELY FELT FOR ANOTHER AIRPORT WITHIN FORTY MILES OF THE CAPITAL TO RELIEVE THE PRESSURE ON HEATHROW AND GATWICK. FOUR SITES FOR LONDON'S NEW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ARE AT PRESENT BEING CONSIDERED.

    HEATHROW CATERS NOT ONLY FOR PASSENGERS, BUT ANOTHER 34 MILLION PEOPLE WHO VISIT THE AIRPORT EACH YEAR TO FAREWELL OR WELCOME FRIENDS, OR MERELY GO TO WATCH THE AIRCRAFT ARRIVE AND DEPART. FACILITIES OF ALL KINDS -- PARKING, TOILETS, RESTAURANTS AND SHOPS -- ARE PROVIDED FOR NON-TRAVELLING VISITORS.

    IN TERMS OF PASSENGERS, HEATHROW RANKS AS THE FOURTH BUSIEST AIR TERMINAL IN THE WORLD -- BEHIND O'HARE, NEW YORK'S J.F. KENNEDY AIRPORT AND THE LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. IN TERMS OF AIR TRANSPORT MOVEMENTS IT RANKS NINTH, WITH MORE THAN 220-THOUSAND FLIGHTS A YEAR.

    BUT IN TERMS OF AREA, HEATHROW IS AMONG THE SMALLEST OF THE WORLD'S MAJOR AIRPORTS, COVERING JUST ON TWO THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED ACRES -- HALF THE AREA OF KENNEDY AIRPORT AND ONLY ABOUT ONE QUARTER THE SIZE OF O'HARE. IT IS ITS SMALL AREA AND ITS CLOSENESS TO LONDON -- ONLY 17 MILES -- THAT PRESENT BRITISH AIRPORT AUTHORITIES WITH UNPRECEDENTED PROBLEMS OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL AND THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE WITHIN THE AIRPORT AREA.

    AN AMERICAN REPORT SAYS THAT EIGHT HUNDRED NEW AIRPORTS ARE NEEDED IN AMERICA ALONE TO RELIEVE CONGESTION FROM THE EXISTING THREE THOUSAND AIRPORTS. THESE NEW AIR TERMINALS, THE REPORT SAYS, SHOULD BE IN USE IN FIVE YEARS. ELSEWHERE, IT IS ESTIMATED AIRPORT FACILITIES WILL HAVE TO BE DOUBLED IN THE NEXT DECADE TO MATCH THE PRESENT INCREASE IN AIR TRAVEL...EACH MAJOR CITY WILL NEED FOUR AIRPORTS.

    AIRPORT AUTHORITIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD ARE NOW FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF KEEPING PACE WITH THE RAPID ADVANCES IN AVIATION TECHNOLOGY, AND PROVIDING THE SPECIAL FACILITIES THAT WILL BE NEEDED TO HANDLE AIRCRAFT LIKE CONCORDE...

    ...AND THE AMERICAN BOEING JUMBO JET, BOTH NEW CONCEPTS IN AIR TRAVEL. BOTH NEW CONCEPTS IN AIR TRAVEL. IF EXISTING FACILITIES ARE INADEQUATE, THEY WILL PROBABLY BE MORE SO WHEN CONCORDE AND JUMBO, WITH THEIR BIG PASSENGER LOADS, COME FULLY INTO SERVICE ON INTERNATIONAL AIR ROUTES.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAC8BUEK58UH68B5YR25CLE12N
    Media URN:
    VLVAC8BUEK58UH68B5YR25CLE12N
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    08/08/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:07:39:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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