A mass migration from the drought-ravaged Ethiopian province of Tigre has overwhelmed neighbouring Sudan's ability to cope with the refugees.
TUKL BAAB (TIGREANS)
GV & SVs Refugee camp at Tukl Baab with refugees seated beneath Thorn trees and in the open. (3 SHOTS)
SV & CU Emaciated youth forced to walk on his haunches as too weak to walk. (3 SHOTS)
LV, SV & CU First Aid tent with small amounts of medicines on table. (3 SHOTS)
SV PAN Large crowd waiting.
SV & CU Mother with child who nestles to her breast. (2 SHOTS)
CU Baby receiving sip of water.
SV & CU Mothers with children under awning; mothers with sick children trying to comfort them. (4 SHOTS)
CU PULL BACK TO LV & SVs Huge crowd waiting with containers around water tanker and receiving water. (4 SHOTS)
GV Man on camel through water in heat haze.
CU PULL BACK Reflection of water pump and drill in large puddle with refugees wading through water. (4 SHOTS)
LV PAN & SV Refugees' huts with cattle and camels outside. (2 SHOTS)
SV PULL BACK TO LV Naked child wandering through huts.
SV & CU INTERIORS Children receiving secondhand clothes from Switzerland's Red Cross. (3 SHOTS)
TRACKING SHOT Past refugee huts.
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Background: A mass migration from the drought-ravaged Ethiopian province of Tigre has overwhelmed neighbouring Sudan's ability to cope with the refugees. Both Sudanese and foreign relief workers have warned of a dramatic increase in death from famine and diseases unless aid is rushed to them quickly. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has estimated that since November 1, 1984, at least 60,000 people have fled Ethiopia's Tigre province for eastern Sudan under an evacuation organised and directed by the Tigre People's Liberation Front, a rebel group battling the Marxist Ethiopian Government. At the stark, windswept plain before the Tokl Baab camp, near Kassala, vast numbers of Eritrean refugees stand for hours while a medical staff of one doctor and a nurse from a private French charity, Medicine Sans Frontieres, try to identify those who need their help most. A vaccination programme is underway but it is the lack of water at the camp which has led relief organisers to start transferring refugees to the Wad Sherifie camp. Although Wad Sherifie has existing wells, there are plans to drill and dig more. If the wave of refugees continues, Sudan's Commissioners for Refugees, Abdel-Magid Beshir El-Ahmedi, has warned that his country could be caring for more than a quarter of a million Ethiopian refugees by January 1st and nearly double that by April.