About 88,000 voters, Europeans, Asiatics, Africans and Coloureds (persons of mixed race), go to the polls on November 12, 1958, to vote in the second Parliament in the history of the five-year-old Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
G.V. SALISBURY WITH SUBURBAN HOUSES IN FOREGROUND.
G.V. STREET SCENE WITH ELECTION POSTERS.
G.V. CAR ARRIVING AT GARAGE WITH DOMINION PARTY NOTICES IN FRONT OF IT.
S.C.U. ELECTION POSTERS "POCKET FOR EASTLEA".
G.V. ELECTION POSTERS, ONE IN BACKGROUND READS "VOTE FOR KRUSCHEV".
S.V. AFRICANS SURROUNDING AN INDEPENDENT PARTY SANDWICH MAN OUTSIDE SHOP AT BLANTYRE.
G.V. AFRICAN CANDIDATE (MR. AARON JACHA) CANVASSING A FARMER IN AFRICAN RESERVES.
C.U. MR. AARON JACHA.
L.V. MR. DEREK SPARROW, UNITED FEDERAL PARTY, CANVASSING TWO SWIMMERS AT LUANSHYA SWIMMING POOL.
G.V. DOMINION PARTY BANNER AT LUANSHYA, CAR PASSING UNDER BANNER.
S.V. DOMINION PARTY CANDIDATE MR. CYRIL REDMOND, CANVASSING TWO MINERS AT MUFULIRA COPPER MINE.
S.V.INT. (AT NDOLA) DOMINION PARTY CANDIDATE FOR AFRICA SEAT, MR. MUKHANZA CANVASSING SHOPKEEPERS.
G.V.INT. DOMINION PARTY MEETING AT ATHENEAUM HALL, SALISBURY, MR. WINSTON FIELD ADDRESSING MEETING.
S.C.U. MR. FIELD.
G.V. INSIDE THE CONGREGATIONAL HALL, SIR ROY WELENSKY (UNITED FEDERAL PARTY) ADDRESSING MEETING.
C.U. SIR ROY WELENSKY.
G.V.INT. INSIDE MCDONALD HALL. MR. M. HOVE (UNITED FEDERAL PARTY) AFRICAN CANDIDATE FOR GWAAI..PREVIOUS M.P. FOR AFRICAN CANDIDATE FOR GWAAI, ADDRESSING MEETING.
S.V. SPEAKERS TABLE, LEFT TO RIGHT....H.E.DAVIES Q.C. SIR EDGAR WHITEHEAD, PRESENT P.M. OF SOUTHERN RHODESIA AND HOVE, SPEAKING.
S.V. AUDIENCE APPLAUDING.
S.V.INT. YOUNG COUPLE FILLING IN POSTAL VOTE APPLICATION IN FRONT OF JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
C.U. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE LOOKING ON.
S.V. JUSTICE OF PEACE SIGNS AS WITNESS.
C.U. POSTAL VOTE APPLICATION.
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Background: About 88,000 voters, Europeans, Asiatics, Africans and Coloureds (persons of mixed race), go to the polls on November 12, 1958, to vote in the second Parliament in the history of the five-year-old Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
There have been some significant changes since the first election in 1953. The electorate has increased from 67,000 voters in all three territories to the 88,000 voters who will poll on November 12. The membership in the Federation's legislative body, the Federal Assembly has been increased from 35 to 59. In the old house, 26 members of the 35 were elected members of any race, six were specially elected African members and three were European members with special responsibilities for African interests.
The new Parliament will have 59 seats, 44 of which will be filled by elected members of any race, eight by elected Africans and one by an elected European representing African interests, four will be filled by special African electoral colleges in the two Northern Territories operating under regulations framed by the respective Governors, and two will be nominated by the Governors of the Northern Territories.
In five of the constituencies, there will be no contest, as there was only one candidate nominated in each and these have been declared elected. All the seats are in Nyasaland. Three of the unopposed candidates are European and two are Africans.
One hundred and twelve candidates are fighting the other 48 seats. The main contest is between the ruling United Federal Party under the leadership of Sir Roy Welensky, and the Dominion Party, led by Mr. Winston Field. The United Federal Party is contesting all the seats and the five unopposed candidates in Nyasaland are all members of this party. The Dominion Party is contesting 43 of the constituencies. In addition the Constitution Party under the leadership of Dr. A. Scott is fighting eight seats in Northern and Southern Rhodesia and the Confederate Party's leader, Mr. S. Gurland, is standing in a Salisbury seat.
There are twelve Independents standing for election and there are 16 three-cornered contests.
Two rolls will be used for the election, a general roll and a special voters' roll, the differences are mainly based on qualifications. General voters (mainly European with a sprinkling of representatives from other races) will vote for candidates in 24 seats in Southern Rhodesia, 14 seats in Northern Rhodesia and the three contested seats out of the six Nyasaland seats.
General Voters and Special Voters (representative of all the races in the Federation will vote for African candidates in four seats in Southern Rhodesia, and two each in Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
In addition, general and special voters in Southern Rhodesia will vote for candidate nominated as European members charged with special responsibilities for African interests.
General Votes in Southern Rhodesia will thus vote for three candidates. In Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesia they will vote for three candidates.
There are 83,506 Europeans and Coloureds, 2,876 Asiatics and 1,055 Africans on the General Roll,and on the Special Roll there are 137 Europeans, 25 Coloureds, 23 Asians and 692 Africans. Thousands of Africans who are eligible have through apathy, or ill advice, failed to place their names on the approximate rolls.
For the first time, Nyasaland will vote in constituencies. In the 1953 Election, General Voters voted for candidates who represented the Territory as a whole.