• Short Summary

    THE APPOINTMENT OF SIR ROBERT MENZIES AS LORD WARDEN OF THE CINQUE PORTS IN SUCCESSION TO SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL, HAS ONCE AGAIN FOCUSED ATTENTION ON THIS ANCIENT GROUP OF PORTS IN SOUTHEAST ENGLAND.

  • Description

    THE APPOINTMENT OF SIR ROBERT MENZIES AS LORD WARDEN OF THE CINQUE PORTS IN SUCCESSION TO SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL, HAS ONCE AGAIN FOCUSED ATTENTION ON THIS ANCIENT GROUP OF PORTS IN SOUTHEAST ENGLAND. THE OFFICE OF LORD WARDEN DATES BACK TO BEFORE THE NORMAN CONQUEST OF BRITAIN IN 1066. THE CINQUE (FIVE) PORTS ARE DOVER, SANDWICH, HYTHE, ROMNEY AND HASTINGS. THEY WERE THE ORIGINAL CHANNEL PORTS IN SOUTHEAST ENGLAND, AND UNTIL THE 16TH CENTURY THEY HAD TO PROVIDE NEARLY ALL THE SHIPS REQUIRED FOR THE KING'S SERVICE.

    IN RETURN FOR THEIR SERVICES TO THE CROWN, THE PORTS WERE GIVEN EXTENSIVE PRIVILEGES, AND THE TRADITIONAL RIGHT TO EXERCISE A JURISDICTION DATING FROM ABOUT THE TIME OF THE NORMAL CONQUEST (1066), ORGANISED ON SEEMINGLY FRENCH LINES.

    THE LORD WARDEN IS ALSO THE CONSTABLE OF DOVER CASTLE, AND ALTHOUGH FOR CENTURIES THEY'VE BEEN HELD BY THE SAME PERSON, THE OFFICES ARE STILL SEPARATE. THE HOLDER HAS A MARITIME JURISDICTION AS THE ADMIRAL OF THE PORTS, AND ALTHOUGH IN FORMER TIMES, HE WIELDED GREAT POWER, TODAY THE OFFICE CARRIES NO IMPORTANT DUTIES.

    THE ANCIENT TOWNS OF RYE AND WYNCHELSEA WERE ADDED TO THE ORIGINAL FIVE PORTS AT A LATER DATE, BUT THEY CARRY THE SAME RIGHTS AND PROUD PRIVILEGES.

    (SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL WAS APPOINTED LORD WARDEN BY KING GEORGE VI IN 1941.)

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABX2CIYS4WA8VYJKUZ6VZ6AWV4
    Media URN:
    VLVABX2CIYS4WA8VYJKUZ6VZ6AWV4
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    09/10/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:00:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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