A power struggle in Iran continues to dominate domestic politics more than fifteen months after the downfall of the Shah.
GVs President abolhassan Bani-Sadr greets Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini who is surrounded by doctors. Ayatollah Khomeini presents document to Bani-Sadr who rises to give inauguration speech in front of officials (7 shots)
SV Man making election poster of Bani-Sadr, prints made and posted on walls (3 shots)
SV & CU Bani-Sadr arrives to cast his vote in elections and is surrounded by supporters. Bani-Sadr emerges from behind pell curtain (3 shots)
SV Bani-Sadr as Foreign Minister kneeling with demonstrators at Teheran University
SV PULL BACK TO GV Bani-Sadr inside American embassy compound, walking in grounds and addressing demonstrators from raised platform (2 shots)
SV & CUs Bani-Sadr seated with PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Ayatollah Khomeini's son Ahmad
SCU & CU Distraught mother appealing to Bani-Sadr to write letter on her son's behalf, mother weeping and talking and Bani-Sadr signing letter (3 shots)
SCU PULL BANK TO GV Bani-Sadr addressing a crowd in Farsi
LV Thousands of people massed around Shah's monument. Bani-Sadr arrives and is engulfed by followers (2 shots)
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Background: A power struggle in Iran continues to dominate domestic politics more than fifteen months after the downfall of the Shah.
At the centre of the conflict is President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr.
On Wednesday (11 June) Mr. Bani-Sadr attacked those he called "opportunists" -- power-thirsty parties, he said, who were stopping his government from establishing security in the country. through a series of newspaper articles and interviews, the President has been trying to discredit his main opponents -- the clergy-led Islamic Republican Party (IRP). The IRP has replied to the attacks, labelling Mr. Bani-Sadr a "nouveau revolutionary" and claiming their primary interest is to build a truly Islamic society.
SYNOPSIS: Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, a French-educated economist became Iran's first President on the fourth of February. The ceremony took place at the hospital where religious leader ayatollah Khomeini was undergoing treatment for a heard ailment.
Under the constitution, final power still rests with the Ayatollah -- proof that the clergy intend to remain active in Iranian politics. Mr. Bani-Sadr himself pledged to build and expand the Islamic revolution.
Mr. Bani-Sadr was an easy favourite in January's election. An old friend and adviser of the Ayatollah Khomeini, he had emerged as Iran's leading revolutionary theoretician after the overthrow of the Shah. The election was the first step in implementing the new constitution. It was the first time that most Iranians had been to the polls to elect a government -- and they overwhelmingly chose Mr. Bani-Sadr to lead it.
But the influence of the fundamentalist Islamic group was already well established. Mr. Bani-Sadr lasted only eighteen days as Foreign Minister, apparently for taking too moderate a position on the American hostages held in Teheran. And after winning the Presidency the issue of the hostages became a symbol of the continuing challenge to the authority of a central government.
Mr. Bani-Sadr met the students inside the captured american Embassy compound, but didn't mention the hostages in his address.
The students have repeatedly refused to transfer the control of the hostages into government hands.
Mr. Bani-Sadr has made little effort to forge relationship with international leaders -- though revolutionaries like PLO leader Yasser Arafat receive a warm welcome. The President has pledged independence from superpowers and dedication to the international spared of the Islamic message.
But the internal struggle in Iran is between the secular liberals --mr. Bani-Sadr the most prominent -- and the power of the mullahs. Here a woman pleads for justice for her son, expelled from Teheran University by self-appointed political judges.
Mr. Bani-Sadr overturned the order. But episodes like this one have continued as the fundamentalists attempt to purge the universities and turn them into so-called Islamic institutions.
President Bani-Sadr heads a government harassed by more than political strife. Iran's economy is now dependent on imports and plagued by inflation, and the oil industry that has kept the nation solvent is beginning to falter. An Iranian economist recently suggested that the country is heading for financial collapse.
But pride in the revolution remains strong. Ironically hundreds of thousand of people gather at the monument to the Shah's father. It is President Bani-Sadr's task to help transform their hopes for a new society into a reality.