• Short Summary

    UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL U THANT JOINED URGENT EFFORTS TO PREVENT WAR OVER CYPRUS TONIGHT (WEDNESDAY) AS TURKISH CROWDS IN ISTANBUL CLAMOURED FRO AN INVASION OF THE ISLAND.

  • Description

    UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL U THANT JOINED URGENT EFFORTS TO PREVENT WAR OVER CYPRUS TONIGHT (WEDNESDAY) AS TURKISH CROWDS IN ISTANBUL CLAMOURED FRO AN INVASION OF THE ISLAND. U THANT ANNOUNCED HE WOULD SENT DR. JOSE ROLZ-BENNETT, ONE OF HIS UNDER-SECRETARIES, TO ANKARA WITH A PERSONAL APPEAL TO AVOID ANY STEP WHICH MIGHT LEAD TO WAR OVER CYPRUS. THE ENVOY WOULD THEN GO ON TO ATHENS AND NICOSIA. PRESIDENT JOHNSON HAS ALSO SENT A PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE TO THE THREE CAPITALS.

    THE NEW CRISIS WAS TRIGGERED BY LAST WEEK'S INCIDENTS IN WHICH SOME 20 TURKISH-CYPRIOTS DIED. FOLLOWING THE FLARE-UP BOTH GREECE AND TURKEY PUT THEIR ARMED FORCES ON THE ALERT. REPORTS SAY THAT TURKISH FORCES ON THE MAINLAND, ONLY 45 (72 KMS) AWAY ARE READY TO EMBARK FOR CYPRUS. TENSION REMAINED HIGH AS TODAY THE TURKISH RADIO STOPPED ISSUING WEATHER REPORTS, A MOVE THAT FED SPECULATION THAT TURKEY WAS GOING TO ACT ON ITS LONG STANDING PLEDGE TO DEFEND THE TURKISH-CYPRIOT MINORITY ON THE ISLAND.

    A REPORT THAT THE CONTROVERSIAL COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF GREEK AND GREEK-CYPRIOT FORCES, GENERAL GEORGE GRIVAS, HAD OFFERED HIS RESIGNATION, DID LITTLE TO EASE THE TENSION. GENERAL GRIVAS FLEW TO ATHENS FROM NICOSIA ON MONDAY AND IMMEDIATELY WENT INTO SECLUSION AT HIS VILLA IN THE GREEK CAPITAL.

    THE REMOVAL OF GENERAL GRIVAS, THE FORMER LEADER OF THE EOKA TERRORISTS ORGANISATION AND FIRM ADVOCATE OF UNION BETWEEN CYPRUS AND GREECE IS REPORTED TO BE ONE OF THE DEMANDS TURKEY HAS MADE TO GREECE AS A STEP TOWARDS SETTLEMENT OF THE CYPRUS CRISIS.

    OTHER TURKISH DEMANDS ON GREECE ARE SAID TO BE THE WITHDRAWAL OF GREEK TROOPS; COMPENSATION FOR TURKISH-CYPRIOTS KILLED IN RECENT ARMED CLASHES; DISARMING OF MEMBERS OF GREEK-CYPRIOT ORGANISATIONS; AND THE TERMINATION OF "PRESSURE" ON THE MINORITY TURKISH-CYPRIOT COMMUNITY.

    ACCORDING TO TREATY THERE SHOULD BE 950 GREEK TROOPS ON THE ISLAND AND 650 TURKISH. BUT UNOFFICIAL ESTIMATES SAY THERE ARE 15,000 GREEK REGULARS, AND 1,200 TURKS. BETWEEN THE TWO SIDES STANDS A FORCE OF 4,500 UNITED NATIONS SOLDIERS AND 170 POLICEMEN CONTRIBUTED BY MANY COUNTRIES INCLUDING CANADA WHICH HAS THE LARGEST FORCE.

    THE UNITED NATIONS SOLDIERS CARRY ARMS BUT THEY HAVE ORDERS TO USE THEM ONLY IN EXTREME CIRCUMSTANCES. SO FAR THE U.N. FORCE HAS NOT FIRED A SHOT IN ANGER. BY CEASELESS PERSUASION AND PATROLLING THEY HAVE MANAGED TO PREVENT LARGE OUTBREAKS OF MASS VIOLENCE.

    CYPRUS HAS LONG BEEN A SOURCE OF TENSION, AND THE PRESENT CRISIS IS THE WORST SINCE 1964 WHEN TURKEY ALSO THREATENED TO INVADE. TROUBLE FLARED LAST WEEK AFTER FIGHTING AT THE TURKISH CYPRIOT VILLAGE OF KOPHINOU LEFT 25 PEOPLE DEAD, MOST OF THEM TURKS.

    THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT HAS CALLED FOR MODERATION AND AMERICA, CANADA AND BRITAIN ARE WORKING IN CLOSE CONSULTATION TRYING TO DEFUSE THE SITUATION. A CANADIAN PLAN CALLING FOR A SPEEDY INCREASE IN THE UNITED NATIONS FORCE AND A REDUCTION IN GREEK AND TURKISH FORCES ON THE ISLAND IS REPORTED TO BE UNDER CONSIDERATION.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABW82H9MZUOID44DNNTPGUYER0
    Media URN:
    VLVABW82H9MZUOID44DNNTPGUYER0
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    22/11/1967
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:31:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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