Mount Etna, near Catania (Sicily) is 10,000 feet high and it is the most high and active volcano in Europe.
Mount Etna, near Catania (Sicily) is 10,000 feet high and it is the most high and active volcano in Europe. The town of Catania was destroyed seven times, that last dramatic was in 1669 that destroyed Catania and eight country nearby. The lava went in the sea for 1.5 kms. Another eruption was in 1928 but only one country (Ascali) was destroyed. The last eruption was in 1950 without damages
From the 5th to the 15th of july, 25 scientists from all the world came here to Volcano Etna to investigate together about the volcano problems.
The french professor Mr. Harum Taozieff was the chief.
Among the others were, the french Pierre Zettwog of the "Commissariat a l'energie atomique", Mr. Francois Le Guerm (chemist) Mr. James Moore (U.S. geological survey) and the japanese Motoaki Sato (U.S. geological survey).
From England Mr. Paul Farkas, engineer from the Bradford University and Mr. Tom Huntingdom, chemist from the University OF Reading. 15 scientist and 20 students in all.
The target of these investigation is to collect measured data, in order to reach an explanation of the eruptive mechanism and, through this knowledge, try to forecast not only volcanic outbreaks but also, and over all, eventual catastrophic paroxysms. To reach these targets, it is necessary, I) to measure many different parameters as possible, 2) to make these measurements in a continuous way, in order to know the variations and gradients of temperatures, gas speed, pressure, gas composition, seismicity, etc. which of big importance. These measurements and continuous readings were practically never tempted anywhere else before and, consequently, new instruments had to be developed in order to make these measurements in these searching acid gases and rough terrain.