Long arrows of streets and soaring buildings of glass and concrete determine the face of cities today.
Long arrows of streets and soaring buildings of glass and concrete determine the face of cities today. Time brings into existence new architectural ensembles, But while they create new things, people take care of the beauty of the past.
In the age of electricity the business-like bulb has practically pushed out the romantic candle. Yet up to now candles live as an original decoration.
Wax candles appeared in Russian in the 17th century. Until then the vogue was for lights of this kind. The first braziers of this kind appeared back in the 10th century. The splinter to furnish light was dept with the help of an iron support.
The later lighting devices already has clasps for the splinter and tubes for wax candles.
This is a table candlestick of the 17th century, the earliest to come to light. The first candlesticks were made of iron rods and had a severe and simple shape.
Gradually shapes were getting more involved, and decorations appeared in the form of little stars, rosettes and curlicues. Famous throughout Russia were works by craftsmen in the Ural Mts and of Moscow.
In the 19th century candlesticks appeared that depicted human figures and twisted candlesticks.
And these are models of the 20th century. Two original works by a Russian craftsman Yudin. Looking at these candlesticks one never ceases to wonder at the superb artistry of craftsmen who carefully guard the traditions of the past.
ANCIENT RUSSIAN TABLEWARE
Ancient Russian dinnerware.
Samples of earthenware and wooden table ware have been preserved up to now from the 11th century. These were the models for the later metal dinnerware...
These are vessels of a round shape with a crown-like bottle. They could be met at any table, of gold and silver at the Czar's and of brass at the peasant's home.
This vessel of red copper dates back to the 17th century. Later such vessels, known as bratinas in Russian, were turned into kettles and washstands...
A part and parcel of Russian dinnerware in the past were these pans with noses for pouring. They were richly decorated and placed near big dippers for keeping strong liquor and cool drinks.
Food and beer were cooked and brewed in big copper cauldrons. Some contained as many as 50 buckets.
Going on a voyage a Russian traveller of the 17th century took along a chetvertina, a vessel for all kinds of liquids that was typical for those times...
Frying pans, cylindrical or chalico-shaped, were used only for festive occasions. Porrdge was served in them at peasant weddings.
And the health of the newlyweds was toasted in such glasses for wine... Many Russian craftsmen decorated them with rich ornaments and enamel.
The ancient Russian dinnerware was noted for variety and perfection of forms. The Soviet people are careful to preserve the wonderful remnants of the applied arts of the past.
The Samovar has always been a good popular tradition in Russia, a symbol of happy life. 250 samovars are kept in the unique collection of the History Museum in Moscow.
This grandfather of the Russian samovars was made in 1763 by craftsmen of the Ural Mts.
The first samovar kitchens appeared at about the same time. The partitions made it possible to cook food and brew tea simultaneously. There was no faucet, and the food was ladled out...
The classical form of the samovar was developed in the 18th century. It had a funnel, ash-pit, crown, faucet and handles on the sides.
As that time the samovar became a household item. It could be met both in a poor home and a high society drawing-room. Even going on a voyage a Russian took a samovar along...
Every craftsman tried to invent and introduce fancy in his work. That resulted in a surprising variety of shapes and finish. Some samovars resemble barrels of wine and others ancient vases.
The ultimate samovar was the ??? It was one of the displays at the 1873 World Fair in Vienna.
Sputniks and mooniks long became symbols of modern Russia. But the old traditions have not been neglected.
This samovar has just been made in Tula, the city long famous for its craftsmen in the field.
A samovar may now be an electric one, but the tea poured out from it is as fragrant as 2 centuries ago.