Visnews filmed Dec 5 the final stage of plugging the wall of the GBP80M Kariba Dam in Rhodesia: the last sluices were blocked..
Visnews filmed Dec 5 the final stage of plugging the wall of the GBP80M Kariba Dam in Rhodesia: the last sluices were blocked..the mighty Zambesi River was held. The Italian colony of the thousands of workers gathered at a church they had built to honour their comrades who had died at work.
The last of hundreds of tons of rock and cement were poured into the two remaining gaps..the water gushed, then became a trickle.
Man had beaten the course of Nature. The wall - 400 feet high - is not to be completed, but already it holds back the power of what will become the largest man-made lake in the world.
But none can tell the vagaries of Nature; the men who blocked the Zambesi gorge recalled what happened last year when the biggest floods wever recor[QUERY]ed overwhelmed the temporary coffer dam.. and again last Spring when the waters rose causing damage and delay costing more than GBP1M.
Yet the throttling of the Zambesi was completed on time and work on the dam itself is ahead of schedule.
The price has to be paid: the creation of the artificial lake will submerge the homes and lance of nearly 30,000 Africans. Workers have been killed and lives were lost recently when resisting tribesmen charged police with spears. Wild life has been disturbed on an enormous scale. Already more than 100 elephants and thousands of baboons and monkeys have been shot to prevent the spread of disease and the dreaded tsetse infection.
The reward: cheap electric power for North and South Rhodesia, new industrial prosperity for the Copperbelt, the birth of a vast tourist industry.. the building of hotels, lakeside chalets, yacht centres and angling clubs. In all the Kariba project will cost GBP113M.
For the next six months the only water to go downstream to the Indian Ocean through the Portuguese colony of Mozambique - Rhodesia's eastern neighbour - flows through a pipe of seven food diameter, high up in the dam wall. By 1960 all the water of the Zambesi going downstream from Kariba should flow normally .. through the turbines with an installed capacity of 1200,000 kilowatts.
A British firm will design a harbour for the north shore of the future Lake Kariba.