Speaking at a ceremony in New Delhi, the Tanzanian President, Julius Nyerere, said the Third World should stop attempting to catch up with the rich developed nations and adopt a more self-reliant approach.
GV EXTERIOR Building and flags (2 shots)
SV Chairman speaking of Third World prize presented to Julius Nyerere PAN ACROSS TO Mrs. Gandhi and committee
SV Mrs. Gandhi speaking
SV Nyerere walking to podium and receiving prize from Mrs. Gandhi (2 shots)
SV Nyerere speaking
TRANSCRIPT SEQ. TWO:
CHAIRMAN: "I invite you to present the Third World prize for 1981 to Halemo Julius Nyerere and in so doing to address us."
MRS. GANDHI: "I have long fought against phrases such as Third World. It was undeniable that the developing countries have a common bond in that they are industrially backward and are discriminated against. But why should one group of countries claim to belong to the Fourth World? Studies have shown how language subtly projects images which condition our thinking to the groups of people, women, for instance, or, for a long time, black people. Does our social attitude and our feelings of inferiority become imbedded in our subconscious? So I shall not quarrel with the name you have chosen and we are here to honour one who richly deserves it. Honours are not new to Julius Nyerere. A few years ago, in this very hall, I had the privilege of awarding him the Jawarhalal Nehru award for international understanding."
TRANSCRIPT SEQ. FIVE:
JULIUS NYERERE: "I have claimed that the Third World does exist. And has a meaning that can be used for the betterment of the well-being of the masses of the people. I have suggested that we need to reject the notion that the world's goals, or our goals, have inevitable been set by the technological and social patterns of the North. Indeed I have argued that only disaster can befall the Third World if it continues to try to catch up with the North. Instead I have argued, through self-reliance, the organised cooperation on a South-South basis, can, even in the existing adverse economic circumstances, promote our own declared national objectives."
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Background: Speaking at a ceremony in New Delhi, the Tanzanian President, Julius Nyerere, said the Third World should stop attempting to catch up with the rich developed nations and adopt a more self-reliant approach. He was presented with the 1981 'Third World Prize' worth 100,000 U.S. dollars at the opening of a three-day meeting on Monday (22 February) of 44 developing nations. The conference is discussing ways of increasing financial support from the richer nations of the North and encouraging cooperation between countries of the South. The nations of the Third World should be following policies, he said, that saw economic resources and investments being sustained by the capacity of the developing countries. The industrial countries of the world, the Tanzanian President claimed, had shown they were not interested in a serious attack on international poverty. His prize was presented by India's Mrs. Indira Gandhi.