At the height of the Middle East War, United States President Richard Nixon on Monday (15 October 1973) redefined his country's policy in the area.
At the height of the Middle East War, United States President Richard Nixon on Monday (15 October 1973) redefined his country's policy in the area. He described it as "like the policy we followed in 1958 when Lebanon was involved (and) like the policy we followed in 1970 when Jordan was involved."
In 1958, U.S. Marines were sent to Lebanon, at the request of the Lebanese Government, under a bilateral agreement between the two countries. In 1970, the U.S. Sixth Fleet was put on alert when Syrian tanks, acting in support of Palestinian guerrillas fighting the Jordanian Army, invaded Jordan from the north.
Mr. Nixon went on to say that the policy of the United States in the Middle East was to stand for the right of every country there to maintain its independence and security. The role of the United States was that of peace maker, but, to achieve this objective, it was essential that there be a strong United States, the President said.
Mr. Nixon was speaking at a ceremony at which he awarded the Medal of Honour, the highest U.S. decoration for bravery in combat, to U.S. Servicemen who fought in Vietnam.
On Tuesday (October 16th), a Defence Department spokesman said the United States was sending about 2,000 Marines to bolster the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean.