The new Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty -- SALT II --, signed between the Soviet Union and the United States, has been welcomed by Japan and leading European governments.
GV Moscow square containing Pushkin monument
MV Man and woman. Man making statement in Russian
CU Man in overalls speaking in Russian
Boy and girl at Pushkin monument
Boy and girl sit in a yard boy speaks
Lean man in suite at factory
Worker in overalls
BOY: I closely watch the talks in Vienna. I would like to point out Jimmy Carter's statement to the effect that SALT-2 ought to provide a fresh impetus to expanded relations between the USA and the USSR and a further deepening the fairway of detente. I would wish that these intentions would be implementing rather than remains an idle talk.
GIRL: The Soviet Union has been over its entire history standing for peace and social progress. Today real conditions have been created for realizing our dreams of peace. Before the talks started, some quarters in the West had been sceptical as to the success of these talks. The course of the talks testify to the contrary and we hope for their successful completion.
BOY Speaks: The talks in Vienna provide our generation that has not known the meaning of war with confidence that we would be able to avoid the nuclear threat. I am fully in favour of SALT-2 and am confident that obligations included in it would be honoured.
The present meet in Vienna is being successful. I was a participant in the last war and I am aware of the sacrifice a war entails. The meeting in Vienna may not completely banish the threat of war but even so it can put it off for a long period. And this is what people the world over want.
WORKER: The conference in Vienna is necessary and timely. All the Soviet people including myself think that the race for arms is harmful for all the people on our planet. No one can derive unilateral benefits from the arms race. Leonid Brezhnev's speech at the meeting is to my mind the most correct, heart-felt, and meeting the innermost interests of Soviet people.
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Background: The new Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty -- SALT II --, signed between the Soviet Union and the United States, has been welcomed by Japan and leading European governments. In the United States itself, reservations about the pact -- signed in Vienna on Monday (18 June) -- have been expressed by some leading figures. The former Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, said he was waiting to see how the treaty would affect the nuclear superiority of the United States. But in the Soviet Union, there's been an uncritical welcomes for the new agreement.
SYNOPSIS: In Moscow's Pushkin Square, a Soviet television crew asked members of the public for their reactions.
One young man said that the talks in Vienna provided his generation, which was too young to remember the last war, the confidence that they would be able to avoid a nuclear war.
He added that he was absolutely in favour of SALT II, and was confident that the obligations included in treaty would be honoured by both parties. Another man interviewed, who fought in the last World War, said that he was entailed. And, while he realised that the Vienna meeting might not banish the threat of war completely, it could put it off for a long time.
This worker described the SALT II talks as 'necessary and timely'.
He told the interviewer that all the people in the Soviet Union regarded the arms race as harmful to the world, and that no one could derive unilateral benefits from it.
Leonid Brezhnev's speech in Vienna, he said, was 'correct and heartfelt', and met the 'innermost needs' of the Soviet population.