• Short Summary

    During the night of August 12-13 1961, troops, in East Berlin erected barbed wire barricades along the border between East and West Berlin.

  • Description

    1.
    GV PAN Berlin
    0.06

    2.
    GROUND TO AIR Transport aircraft on landing approach
    0.10

    3.
    GV Truck out to aircraft
    0.13

    4.
    SV People queue for food (3 shots)
    0.18

    5.
    SV People out of shop with bread
    0.21

    6.
    1964. GV Troops patrolling wall.
    0.27

    7.
    SV Poster
    0.30

    8.
    SV Sign PAN TO troops
    0.37

    9.
    GV Troops on East Berlin side of border
    0.42

    10.
    SCU Men work on wall PAN TO soldier watching
    0.51

    11.
    SV Troops digging on East Berlin side of wall.
    0.58


    1968


    12.
    GV PAN New Berlin wall
    1.01

    13.
    GV Section of old wall
    1.09

    14.
    SV Barbed wire on wall
    1.12

    15.
    LV Lookout post on East Berlin side
    1.15

    16.
    GV Vehicle traps
    1.20

    17.
    SV PAN Bricked up windows on East Berlin side
    1.30

    18.
    LV PAN East Berlin guards patrol.
    1.34


    1968


    19.
    CU Checkpoint sign
    1.38

    20.
    SV Cars lined up at checkpoint
    1.41

    21.
    TGV Traffic waiting
    1.44

    22.
    TGV PAN Trucks in parking bay.
    1.50


    1971


    23.
    LV EXT Allied Control building (2 shots)
    1.58

    24.
    SV PAN Ambassadors around table
    2.06

    25.
    CU Soviet Ambassador
    2.10

    26.
    CU U.S. Ambassador
    2.13

    27.
    SV U.K. Ambassador
    2.18

    28.
    SV Conference in progress
    2.24



    Initials BB/1130 RJ/ML/BB/1234



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: During the night of August 12-13 1961, troops, in East Berlin erected barbed wire barricades along the border between East and West Berlin. The main reason was to stem the flow of refugees crossing the border into West Berlin.....by the night the barricades were put up some 234,000 people had left the Eastern sector. A few days later the barbed wire had been replaced by a concrete barrier and the Berlin Wall had come into existence. During the height of the 'cold war' years, the wall came to symbolise the 'Iron Curtain'. Ten years later the wall still stands, but diplomatic moves between the four nations with a stake in the divided city.....Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States......have reached the stage where the barriers between East and West Berlin are nearer than ever to being torn down. The latest round of talks which ended this week have led observers to think that agreement may be reached before the end of the year. But a first agreement would be only a small step towards free access between the two sectors.

    SYNOPSIS: In 1948 Berlin was a devastated city and hard rationing had been imposed. East-West relations were at an all time low and were made worse on June 24 when the Soviet Union blockaded Berlin. Food had to be airlifted into the city and before the blockade was lifted in 1949 2,300,000 tons of essential goods had been flown in.

    Throughout the 50's Berlin was the flashpoint of the "cold war". In 1961 the Soviet Union made Sir Winston Churchill's 1946 speech about an "Iran Curtain" a reality. On the night of August 12-13 troops in East Berlin erected a barbed wire barricade along the border with West Berlin. The major reason was to stop people leaving the Eastern sector....by the time the Berlin wall was erected some 234,000 had made the dangerous crossing.

    The years later the wall is a permanent fixture. A gaunt concrete structure sided by the rubble of no man's land. Troops on both sides keep a wary lookout from observation posts, but the tension of the early 60's when seemed one shot could have starts a major conflict, has eased. New on the eve of the tenth anniversary of the wall, diplomatic moves see to at last be reaching the stage where they can be termed as "hopeful".

    Berlin still bears the brunt of political manoeuvring. Periodically, East German guards have closed the border between West Berlin and West Germany....on this occasion it was in protest over the holding of a political meeting in West Berlin.

    It's incidents such as the border closures that the representatives of Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States are attempting to stop. The 26th round of their discussions has ??? ended, and it led observers to predict that agreement may be reached by the end of the year. But it would only be a first step Russia is believed ready to allow free access to the city if West Germany promises to keep politics in West Berlin on a local level..other concessions may follow.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABI1OF6FZVTDYIKVL1H953U2KX
    Media URN:
    VLVABI1OF6FZVTDYIKVL1H953U2KX
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    31/07/1971
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:24:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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