During the night of August 12-13 1961, troops, in East Berlin erected barbed wire barricades along the border between East and West Berlin.
GV PAN Berlin
GROUND TO AIR Transport aircraft on landing approach
GV Truck out to aircraft
SV People queue for food (3 shots)
SV People out of shop with bread
1964. GV Troops patrolling wall.
SV Sign PAN TO troops
GV Troops on East Berlin side of border
SCU Men work on wall PAN TO soldier watching
SV Troops digging on East Berlin side of wall.
GV PAN New Berlin wall
GV Section of old wall
SV Barbed wire on wall
LV Lookout post on East Berlin side
GV Vehicle traps
SV PAN Bricked up windows on East Berlin side
LV PAN East Berlin guards patrol.
CU Checkpoint sign
SV Cars lined up at checkpoint
TGV Traffic waiting
TGV PAN Trucks in parking bay.
LV EXT Allied Control building (2 shots)
SV PAN Ambassadors around table
CU Soviet Ambassador
CU U.S. Ambassador
SV U.K. Ambassador
SV Conference in progress
Initials BB/1130 RJ/ML/BB/1234
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: During the night of August 12-13 1961, troops, in East Berlin erected barbed wire barricades along the border between East and West Berlin. The main reason was to stem the flow of refugees crossing the border into West Berlin.....by the night the barricades were put up some 234,000 people had left the Eastern sector. A few days later the barbed wire had been replaced by a concrete barrier and the Berlin Wall had come into existence. During the height of the 'cold war' years, the wall came to symbolise the 'Iron Curtain'. Ten years later the wall still stands, but diplomatic moves between the four nations with a stake in the divided city.....Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States......have reached the stage where the barriers between East and West Berlin are nearer than ever to being torn down. The latest round of talks which ended this week have led observers to think that agreement may be reached before the end of the year. But a first agreement would be only a small step towards free access between the two sectors.
SYNOPSIS: In 1948 Berlin was a devastated city and hard rationing had been imposed. East-West relations were at an all time low and were made worse on June 24 when the Soviet Union blockaded Berlin. Food had to be airlifted into the city and before the blockade was lifted in 1949 2,300,000 tons of essential goods had been flown in.
Throughout the 50's Berlin was the flashpoint of the "cold war". In 1961 the Soviet Union made Sir Winston Churchill's 1946 speech about an "Iran Curtain" a reality. On the night of August 12-13 troops in East Berlin erected a barbed wire barricade along the border with West Berlin. The major reason was to stop people leaving the Eastern sector....by the time the Berlin wall was erected some 234,000 had made the dangerous crossing.
The years later the wall is a permanent fixture. A gaunt concrete structure sided by the rubble of no man's land. Troops on both sides keep a wary lookout from observation posts, but the tension of the early 60's when seemed one shot could have starts a major conflict, has eased. New on the eve of the tenth anniversary of the wall, diplomatic moves see to at last be reaching the stage where they can be termed as "hopeful".
Berlin still bears the brunt of political manoeuvring. Periodically, East German guards have closed the border between West Berlin and West Germany....on this occasion it was in protest over the holding of a political meeting in West Berlin.
It's incidents such as the border closures that the representatives of Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States are attempting to stop. The 26th round of their discussions has ??? ended, and it led observers to predict that agreement may be reached by the end of the year. But it would only be a first step Russia is believed ready to allow free access to the city if West Germany promises to keep politics in West Berlin on a local level..other concessions may follow.