• Short Summary

    SYNOPSIS: THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS PARTY WAS THE MOST TENACIOUS OF ALL THE PRE-WAR GROUPS - IT WAS THE ONLY PARTY TO SURVIVE INTO THE COMMUNIST ERA.

  • Description

    SYNOPSIS: THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS PARTY WAS THE MOST TENACIOUS OF ALL THE PRE-WAR GROUPS - IT WAS THE ONLY PARTY TO SURVIVE INTO THE COMMUNIST ERA. IN 1953 IMRE NAGY - A MAN WITH MUTED LIBERAL VIEWS - CAME TO POWER. BUT HE WAS DISMISSED IN 1956 AND HIS MORE ORTHODOX SUCCESSOR ONLY A YEAR LATER. PUBLIC UNREST WAS MOUNTING.

    THEN THE PUBLIC ANGER ERUPTED INTO VIOLENCE. UNIVERSITY STUDENTS STAGED A DEMONSTRATION, CROWDS FORMED UP, THE SECRET POLICE AND SOVIET TROOPS FIRED UPON THEM, AND A DISSIDENT CROWD BECAME A REVOLUTIONARY POWER. FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE REVOLUTION THE VICTORIES WERE INSTANT, AND SWEET. NAGY WAS REINSTATED, PERSECUTED RELIGIOUS LEADERS WERE RELEASED FROM PRISON AND SOVIET TROOPS WITHDREW FROM THE CAPITAL.

    BUT THE VICTORY SOURED. SOVIET TROOPS MASSED AT THE BORDER, ATTACKED, AND FOR TWO WEEKS BUDAPEST WAS A FIELD OF WAR. THE REVOLUTIONARIES BURNED SOVIET LITERATURE, DESTROYED SOVIET FLAGS, BUT THEY LOST. ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY THOUSAND REFUGEES FLED THE COUNTRY.

    FOR HUNGARY, THE DIE HAD BEEN CAST. THE TEN YEARS OF POST-WAR SOVIET INFLUENCE WERE CONSOLIDATED IN THE TWO FIERCE WEEKS OF THE NOVEMBER UPRISING. FROM THEN ON HUNGARY REMAINED A STRONG COMMUNIST COUNTRY, ALTHOUGH A CHANGE OF POLITICAL PERSONNEL BROUGHT SOME LIBERALISING INFLUENCES. THE SOVIET UNION'S POLICY OF COEXISTENCE WITH THE WEST HAD ITS EFFECT IN HUNGARY AND THERE WAS LESS STIGMA ATTACHED TO PRIVATE OWNERSHIP AND FREE ENTERPRISE.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABG2QJ6D35DO5NX00RXQKE0D80
    Media URN:
    VLVABG2QJ6D35DO5NX00RXQKE0D80
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1968
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:06:32:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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