The Polish port of Dansk, the most advanced harbour on the Baltic Sea, is now setting regular records in the handling of coal and oil traffic in and out of Poland.
The Polish port of Dansk, the most advanced harbour on the Baltic Sea, is now setting regular records in the handling of coal and oil traffic in and out of Poland. The modern harbour on the country's north coast was commissioned in July 1974, and since then has steadily increased its annual handling figures.
SYNOPSIS: The new Gdansk harbour represents Poland's biggest venture of its kind. Development has been concentrated on coal exporting facilities, and more recently on boosting the fuel-handling capacity. Built within view of the War Memorial which marks the spot where World War Two began, the harbour is one of the most modern in northern Europe. Since being commissioned in July 1974, the coal docks have handled close to 900 ships. The record for the highest tonnage of coal handled in one day was set in July 1977, when more than 61-thousand tonnes of coal were loaded.
Because of the low temperatures on the Baltic Coast, the coal which comes from the Silesia region in southern Poland has to be thawed out before being loaded into the ships. To speed up this defreezing process, the trains, each consisting of 150 wagons, pass through a specially-heated tunnel Infra-red equipment is used to raise the temperature of the entire trainload to above freezing, after which the coal is transported on conveyors directly into the ships holds. The fast-handling capabilities of Gdansk's new port have helped a great deal in boosting Poland's coal exporting programme.
In 1975, the second stage of Gdansk's new harbour was brought into operation. This was the fuel-handling terminal, built with the aim of making Poland less dependent on Soviet oil supplies. The main oil pier stretches more than two kilometres (1 1/2 miles) out to sea, which makes it possible to accommodate even the biggest tankers. Since coming into being, the oil terminal has handled more than 9-million tonnes of oil or oil-products coming in or going out of the harbour. The basic cost of the two terminals has been about ???-million U.S. dollars, and a substantial proportion of this has come from Western investment.