Ethiopia's leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam, has said that a recent military agreement between neighbouring Somalia and the United States was preparation for war against Ethiopia.
GV Revolutionary Square Addis Ababa, with troops cheering as Ethiopian leader Mengistu Haile Mariam arrives in car with visiting Hungarian President Pal Losonczi. (4 SHOTS)
SV Two leaders get out of car as crowd applauds. (2 SHOTS)
GV & SV Mengistu hands out insignia to youth associations. (3 SHOTS))
GV & SVs Parade of children. (2 SHOTS)
SV Mengistu and Losonczi applauding as youths march past. (4 SHOTS)
SV Float passes by exhibition handicrafts followed by veterans and soldiers marching past holding pictures of Mengistu. (2 SHOTS)
GV Two leaders applauding as military forces march past. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: Ethiopia's leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam, has said that a recent military agreement between neighbouring Somalia and the United States was preparation for war against Ethiopia. He said his country was threatened by a U.S. military build-up in the Gulf and the Indian Ocean. Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu was speaking at a ceremony in Addis Ababa on Friday (12 September) -- the sixth anniversary of the Marxist revolution.
SYNOPSIS: Addis Ababa's "Revolution Square" was a mass of colour as Colonel Mengistu arrived with his guest of honour Mr. Pal Losonczi, the President of Hungary. Mr. Losonczi is on an African tour which is taking him to Ethiopia, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia. Hungary and Ethiopia co-operate in many economic, technical and educational fields. The two countries are at present supporting a drive against illiteracy in Ethiopia. This two-hour celebration parade include representatives of Ethiopia's powerful armed forces which are now 250,000-strong.
Also at the parade were youth associations, newly formed women's movements, peasant associations and Ethiopia's trade unions. And others marching in the spectacular parade include thousands of children who were orphaned in secessionist wars in the north and east of Ethiopia.
Under the agreement strongly attacked by Colonel Mengistu, the United States will give Somalia 40 million dollars worth of arms credits as part payment for use of air and sea facilities in the country.
Ethiopia and Somalia fought a war over the ethnically Somali Ogaden region of east Ethiopia between 1877 and 1978. The Somali forces were crushed by Ethiopia with the help of a Soviet arms lift and 15,000 Cuban troops. Both Ethiopia and Somalia have accused each other of invasion attempts in recent weeks. Tension is reported high on both sides of the border.
Ethiopia is launching a world-wide campaign against the expansion of United States military power in the Indian Ocean and the Gulf. It's described as the most ambitious diplomatic initiative yet taken by Ethiopia's military rulers.