Black nationalist leaders from southern Africa who have attended an anti-apartheid conference in Lisbon, Portugal, have stressed that an intensified armed struggle for independence has been forced upon them by western policies.
GV EXTERIOR Great hall, Lisbon University
MV ZOOM INTO CU Silas Cerqueira - Portuguese Exec. Secretary of conference speaking
SV Audience listening to Cerqueira speaking (2 shots)
CU & MV Mr Makatini - ANC delegate speaking (2 shots)
MCU Cerqueira listening
mv Aaron Shiepo of SWAPO speaking
SV PAN Audience
SV & MV Jorge Silundik of Zimbabwe speaking (2 shots)
CU Man applauding PULL BACK TO SV audience
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Background: Black nationalist leaders from southern Africa who have attended an anti-apartheid conference in Lisbon, Portugal, have stressed that an intensified armed struggle for independence has been forced upon them by western policies.
SYNOPSIS: The four-day conference, held at Lisbon University, was sponsored by the Helsinki-based World Peace Council. At the final session on Monday (20 June) the delegates passed a resolution reaffirming the legitimacy of armed struggle as the people's only means to seize power in South Africa, Namibia (South-west Africa) and Zimbabwe. It called on the people of the world to increase their material and political support to the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa, the Patriotic Front of Zimbabwe and the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) in Namibia.
In a general declaration accompanying the resolution, the conference expressed grave concern at the increase of mercenaries in the white Rhodesian army. The statement said the mercenaries came from the countries who purported to be trying to bring about a peaceful settlement in Rhodesia, such as Britain, the Untied States, France and West Germany. In their final declaration, the 400 delegates from 70 countries and 20 organisations backed the Patriotic Front's demand for direct talks with Britain to end the war in Rhodesia and transfer power to the majority.
During the conference Rhodesia's Patriotic Front leaders Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe and SWAPO Chief Sam Nujoma called for arms to help their guerrilla struggle..