Two banks are helping the Thai government with a special project. Its capital city of?
Two banks are helping the Thai government with a special project. Its capital city of Bangkok is sinking.
SYNOPSIS: During it s two-hundred years of existence, the city of Bangkok has never been more than about a metre (3 feet) above sea level. Now, there is an increasing chance the Thai capital could be below sea level by the turn of the century, unless something is done to keep it above water. Some guide books describe Bangkok as the Venice of the Orient, and like Venice, Bangkok is sinking lower and lower every year.
Recent flooding has shown how serious the problem has became. Government offices and schools have been ordered closed. Shopkeepers say they will go broke.
The buildings that once housed the parliament of Thailand have sunk so low, the basements are constantly flooded. Officials are saying the buildings have sunk by about thirty centimetres, or one foot, in the past six years.
Modern buildings are affected, too. Hotel managements and municipalities constantly patch up the cracks, but it is all in vain. The repairs have to be repeated a short time later.
Government officials say Thailand's capital is growing, and with it, its thirst. Domestic water is pumped from artesian wells--and that pumping has got out of hand. The subsoil is gradually disappearing and the layers of clay below it are contracting.
The answer to the problem might be found in a new water supply system. Bangkok is getting more than 30-million dollars from the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank to install one.
THE THAI GOVERNMENT, WITH HELP FROM THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AND THE WORLD BANK, IS WORKING ON A SPECIAL PROJECT: IT'S CAPITAL BANGKOK - A CITY WHICH IS SINKING.