Two days of talks on the future of Namibia (South West Africa) began at the United Nations on Monday (19 March).
GV Round Table meeting of representatives of frontline African states discussing issues involving Namibia
SV of Angola U.N. Ambassador Elisio De Figueiredo speaking to U.N. Security Council
GV meeting of Security Council
SV Zambia Ambassador Paul Lusaka
DE FIGUEIREDO: "Unless there is concerted action by those powers who support South Africa, and thus encourage it; unless mandatory sanctions are invoked against the racist regime, our repeated condemnations, or merely our resolutions, the endless rounds of talks...none of these will alter South Africa's plan to safeguard its apartheid system. Its plan to instal a Namibia puppet regime subservient to Pretoria, its aid to its fellow racist regime in Salisbury, and its ever-bolder attacks and incursions against independent African states. In fact, with its developing nuclear capability, these do not even have to be neighbouring states. Soon, unless the danger is checked right here and now, no state in Africa will be free from the scourge of nuclear attack by the NATO-South African (indistinct) in the south Atlantic sea, which is South Africa. Mr. President, it is not only SWAPO bases in Angola that are attacked.
It is not only the Patriotic Front schools and hospitals that are destroyed by the bombing and strife ordered by the minority racist cliques in Pretoria and Salisbury. It is the land of Angola, it is the nation of Angola, it is the carefully-nurtured seeds of (indistinct) revolution and revolutionary zeal, and these we will rise again to plant what the racists bombs seek to destroy. We will nourish them with our own blood, we will shield them with our bodies and corpses. And when this tide truly engulfs the racist enclaves, the racists will have no place to hide. That day, Mr. President, is not off."
LUSAKA: "Mr. President, it is difficult to hope that the present United Nations initiatives on Namibia will succeed. South Africa has demonstrated nothing but insincerity in the negotiating phase, and, in the present state of implementing the Security Council's resolution 435 of 1978. Its persistent acts of aggression against Angola, and indeed my own country, Zambia, belie the purported willingness of South Africa to evacuate Namibia. South African also aims at disturbing the civilisation of our country, and, to this end, wants to continue using Namibia as a springboard for committing acts of aggression against us."
The South Africans want the U.N. to monitor SWAPO troops in neighbouring countries after a ceasefire goes into effect, and they oppose U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim's idea of setting up U.N. - supervised bases in Namibia for returning SWAPO troops. Mr. Theo-Ben Guererab, the SWAPO representative at the talks, said that both demands were unacceptable to the guerrilla group.
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Background: Two days of talks on the future of Namibia (South West Africa) began at the United Nations on Monday (19 March). The talks involve five member-powers of the Security Council -- Britain, the United States, France, West Germany and Canada, and the two sides in the Namibia dispute, South Africa and SWAPO (South West Africa Peoples' Organisation). The talks are being held with a background of ten years of bloody guerrilla warfare in Namibia, and the frontline African states. Representatives of Angola and Zambia both called for further sanctions against South Africa.
SYNOPSIS: After a separate meeting between western representatives and the frontline states, Angola's representative Elisio De Figueiredo addressed full Security Council on what he called South African aggression.
Then Zambia's representative Paul Lusaka spoke.