In Rhodesia, the United African National Council, headed by Bishop Abel Muzorewa, has won a clear majority in the country's first "one man, one vote" election.
In Rhodesia, the United African National Council, headed by Bishop Abel Muzorewa, has won a clear majority in the country's first "one man, one vote" election. It has taken 51 of the 72 Parliamentary seats for black members. The way is now open for Bishop Muzorewa to become the first black Prime Minister of what is to be known as Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
SYNOPSIS: That was Bishop Abel Muzorewa, party leader, campaigning for the support of the voters a week ago in the streets of Salisbury.
The Bishop entered politics in 1971, when he founded the African National Council to oppose the impending settlement between Rhodesia's white regime and the British government. The simplicity of his message -- democratic majority rule without violence -- drew the people to him in their thousands.
A memorial service in Salisbury for victims of raids by Rhodesian security forces into Mozambique. Bishop Muzorewa showed his sterner side by refusing to meet Prime Minister Ian Smith for political talks until the mourning period was over. He had been a Methodist pastor and youth leader before being appointed Bishop in 1968.
The main question about the Bishop was: did he command enough support in the country areas? His main backing was in the towns. Last November, he visited one of the tribal trust areas, policed by heavily-armed former guerrillas, now called "auxiliaries". Bishop Muzorewa has opposed any settlement by violence, ever since guerrilla activity started up seven years ago.
In this spirit, Bishop Muzorewa joined Mr. Ian Smith and two black colleagues, Chief jeremiah Chirau and the Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole, in making the internal settlement. It promised to bring about majority rule within a year -- the ideal that Bishop Muzorewa had worked for. But it has not yet won recognition from the outside world in Africa or elsewhere. Its critics are not yet convinced that a black government under bishop Muzorewa, however fairly elected, can put an end to the war with the guerrillas of the Patriotic Front; or that key posts and real power will not still remain n the hands of the white minority.