In Ethiopia, a group of foreign journalists has been shown life in the capital three years after the revolution which turned the country into a Socialist state.
SV Civilians with rifles mingle with crowds in streets of Addis Ababa (3 shots)
SV & CU Armed men watch as chanting students march in procession (6 shots)
CU Army officer holding painting for auction at rally
GV People chanting
SV & CU Officer holding painting leads chanting
SV Uniformed children holding wooden rifles joining in
SV PAN Painting to be auctioned beneath slogans
CU Unidentified man being interviewed
CU Another unidentified man interviewed
REPORTER: "If you were against the revolution, could you tell me freely now?"
MAN: "I am not against the revolution. How can I tell you?"
REPORTER: "Is it true that bodies of people have been found in the streets of Addis recently with notices on them saying 'counter-revolutionaries' or something?"
MAN: "I have told you it is good. Everything is good. The revolution is good now."
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Background: In Ethiopia, a group of foreign journalists has been shown life in the capital three years after the revolution which turned the country into a Socialist state. The process to bring Ethiopia from feudalism is being led by the Head of State Lieutenant-Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam. Under his direction, a programme of action against counter-revolutionary groups is being vigorously pursued.
SYNOPSIS: Colonel Mengistu has organised groups of supporters into communes throughout the capital and in other towns and villages. These groups are provided with arms and are responsible for carrying out the directives of the military government.
In the centre of Addis Ababa students who were formerly opposed to the revolution, are marched through the streets as part of what is called their "re-education" programme. More than a thousand young people were being persuaded to give up their opposition in this way. Guards explained hat these students had been imprisoned for their views. Now they were being given a chance to declare their support for the Government in public in return for their freedom. As they paraded, they chanted the slogan "Motherland or Death". The Military Council has mounted a campaign to tell the people how corrupt and evil the old order was under Emperor Haile Sellassie. They stress there is now a new freedom for the masses.
However, the Military Council has more pressing problems than dissident students. It is fighting, in effect, two wars -- against the Eritrean secessionists and against Somalia in the disputed Ogaden region. To raise funds for these wars, the local communes organise rallies which also serve to demonstrate the popular support for the Government.
Here, a painting with a revolutionary theme is being auctioned.
Coupled with the displays of revolutionary fervour, there are also reports of violent action being taken against those who oppose the regime. But in spite of these reports, there is little open opposition to the revolution.