A rally, against Mr. Ian Smith's regime in Rhodesia, was held in the suburbs of?
A rally, against Mr. Ian Smith's regime in Rhodesia, was held in the suburbs of Mozambique's capital, Maputo, on Monday (29 March). The rally was organised by Mozambique's ruling party, Frelimo (Mozambique Liberation Front);
Mozambique's anti-Smith feelings are being expressed at rallies throughout the country. During displays of native dancing, pro-Frelimo songs are sung along with others condemning Mr. Smith's leadership.
Mozambique achieved its independence on 25 June, 1975 after a ten-year guerilla war with portugal. This wars was led by forces of Frelimo.
Frelimo was formed in 1962 by the merger of three existing nationalist parties. It launched its military campaign in September, 1964 and continued until September, 1974 when a cease-fire was announced between Frelimo and the Portuguese army. After independence, Frelimo's leader, Mr. Samora Machel became Mozambique's first president.
President Machel launched a programme for social, economic and financial reform in the country, where over 90 per cent of the population were illiterate.
Native communes, like those on the outskirts of Maputo, are being redeveloped on a co-operative basis. Their inhabitants are working together to replace the traditional homes with permanent concrete houses. Rural development is a major part of President Machel's programme, with the emphasis on agriculture, cattle raising and mineral exploitation.
Britain has already pledged 5 million sterling in aid to Mozambique. following President Machel's decision to close the border with Rhodesia and impose full United Nations' sanctions. This closure has led to an estimated loss of over GBP20 million in revenue for Mozambique.
SYNOPSIS: Rallies are being organised throughout Mozambique at villages like this one outside Maputo, to protest against Mr. Ian Smith's regime in Rhodesia. They are being organised by Mozambique's ruling party, Frelimo.
During the rallies, the crowds are led in pro-Frelimo and anti-Smith chants.
Tribal dances symbolise Mozambique's awareness of its African traditions following independence from Portugal in June, 1975. President Machel has launched a wide programme of social, economic and financial reforms in the country.
Some traditions are being replaced though by modern attitudes. Homes are being rebuilt as permanent concrete houses under the rural development plan. This also has a strong emphasis on agriculture, cattle raising and mineral exploitation. The financial cost of this programme has ben high though.
Britain has already pledged five million sterling to Mozambique in aid. This follows Mozambique's decision in March to close its border with Rhodesia and impose United Nations' sanctions.
The closure of the border has led to an estimated lose in revenue of over 20 million sterling for Mozambique. India has also pledged 50 thousand sterling in aid.
Mozambique and three other African states - Botswana. Zambia and Tanzania - have called for greater support to the black nationalist guerillas inside Rhodesia.
Mozambique claims that it has not sent troops into Rhodesia yet. Meanwhile, it expresses its support for the black nationalist fighters during the Frelimo rallies throughout the country.