• Short Summary

    MANY OF THE 15,000 JEWS HAVE LEFT ROLAND IN THE LAST YEARS HAVE CROSSED THE BALTIC SEA TO START A NEW LIFE IN SWEDEN.

  • Description

    1.
    GV JEWS ARRIVE IN SWEDEN
    0.08

    2.
    GV IMMIGRANTS THROUGH CUSTOMS
    0.11

    3.
    GV IMMIGRANTS WITH BELONGINGS
    0.18

    4.
    GV HOME FOR IMMIGRANTS
    0.24

    5.
    GV INTERIOR IMMIGRANTS LEARNING SWEDISH
    0.30

    6.
    SCU YOUNG COUPLE LEARNING SWEDISH
    0.35

    7.
    SV PAN POLE LEARNING SWEDISH (3 SHOTS)
    0.53

    8.
    SCU INTERVIEWER WITH IMMIGRANT SOF STARTS: "SOME OF MY FRIENDS.... SOF ENDS: "....THEY TURNED AGAINST ME"
    1.39


    IMMIGRANT: "SOME OF MY FRIENDS, I THOUGHT THEY WERE MY FRIENDS, I THOUGHT THEY WERE MY FRIENDS, THEY TURNED AGAINST ME. THEY SHOWED ME THEY REMINDED ME THAT I'M JEWISH. IT WAS JUST TRAGIC FOR ME. YOU KNOW, I SPENT SO MUCH NICE TIME WITH THEM -- WE STUDIED TOGETHER. WE WERE FRIENDS. WHICH MEANS EVERYTHING WHAT WAS MINE WAS THEIRS. AND SUDDENLY, FROM THE SITUATION WHEN THE ANTI-SEMITISM WAS GROWING UP. WHEN THE OFFICIAL WAY WAS, FIGHT WITH EVERY 'ZIONIST'. AND IT WAS, OF COURSE, FIGHT WITH EVERY JEW WHO IS IN POLAND. THEY TURNED AGAINST ME".




    Initials SAW/N-TELE/PN/MH



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: MANY OF THE 15,000 JEWS HAVE LEFT ROLAND IN THE LAST YEARS HAVE CROSSED THE BALTIC SEA TO START A NEW LIFE IN SWEDEN.

    THE SWEDISH GOVERNMENT IS HELPING THE POLISH JEWS TO FIND NEW JOBS AND HOMES AND PROVIDES LANGUAGE FACILITIES TO ENABLE THE IMMIGRANTS TO LEARN SWEDISH.

    NEARLY 2,000 JEWS HAVE ENTERED SWEDEN SINCE THE SIX-DAY WAR IN JUNE 1967 AND MORE ARE COMING EVERY WEEK.

    MOST OF THEM ARE WELL EDUCATED - FORMER GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, PROFESSIONAL MEN, AND TEACHERS. TO LEAVE POLAND THEY MUST RENOUNCE THEIR CITIZENSHIP AND PAY $200 (83 POUNDS) TO THE POLISH AUTHORITIES FOR AN EXIT VISA. THEY ARE GRANTED FIVE DOLLARS EACH (ABOUT TWO STERLING) IN OVERSEAS EXCHANGE ALLOWANCED BY THE POLISH AUTHORITIES. ONLY ABOUT FIVE PERCENT OF POLAND'S PRE-WAR JEWISH POPULATION -- ESTIMATED AT ABOUT THREE MILLION -- SURVIVED WORLD WAR TWO.

    SINCE THE ARAB-ISRAELI WAR IN 1967, POLAND IS REPORTED TO HAVE CONDUCTED A SEMI-OFFICIAL CAMPAIGN AGAINST "ZIONISTS". THE CAMPAIGN GATHERED FORCE IN MARCH 1968 FOLLOWING POLISH COMMUNIST PARTY LEADER WLADYSLAW GOMULKA'S SPEECH BLAMING A HANDFUL OF "ZIONISTS" FOR INCITING STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS PROTESTING AGAINST THEATRE CENSORSHIP. MR. GOMULKA ALSO ANNOUNCED THAT ALL THOSE WHO CONSIDERED ISRAEL THEIR REAL HOME WERE FREE TO LEAVE POLAND. SINCE THEN POLAND'S JEWISH POPULATION HAS DWINDLED BY HALF TO ABOUT 15,000.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAAO4KQQL84J0IHHNRC05DADL07
    Media URN:
    VLVAAO4KQQL84J0IHHNRC05DADL07
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    05/12/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:39:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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