America's Pioneer Two unmanned spacecraft has successfully blazed a trial beneath the treacherous rings round Saturn, the furthest planet ever reached from Earth, and sent back evidence of what may be a new ring round Saturn and perhaps a previously unknown moon.
GV Saturn picture (3 shots)
SCU Dr. Edward Smith speaking in English while reporter listens (2 shots)
GV Saturn picture
SCU John H. Wolfe speaking in English
TRANSCRIPTS: SMITH: "The things which have turned up in the case of Saturn and Jupiter is that there must be some kind of a solid core down at the centre, probably containing fairly heavy materials that probably represent something like ten to twenty masses of the Earth. Then outside of that is a molten electrically conducting layer which consists of atomic or ionised hydrogen, which is metallic hydrogen. And above that one finds molecular hydrogen."
WOLFE: "We do know now that Saturn does have a finite global intrinsic magnetic field and we can compute from the solar wind pressure and the location of the shot what that field must be."
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Background: America's Pioneer Two unmanned spacecraft has successfully blazed a trial beneath the treacherous rings round Saturn, the furthest planet ever reached from Earth, and sent back evidence of what may be a new ring round Saturn and perhaps a previously unknown moon. The craft approached Saturn last Friday (31 August) after a journey of more than six years and two billion miles (3,200 million kilometres). The craft was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida on April the fifth 1973, but officials said it had only a fifty-fifty ??? of passing Saturn's rings safely without being destroyed by flying ???. The pictures have provided scientists with a wealth of information, but no clue to the most intriguing question of whether the ??? life on Titan.
Pictures taken from a distance of one million six hundred thousand miles (2,500,000 kilometres) provided scientists with their clearest view ever of Saturn and its satellite Titan. The pictures suggest that Titan may be very cold and its atmosphere hazy, but scientists could not discover if Titan's atmosphere contained organic molecules. Dr. Edward Smith of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory commented on the findings.
Mr. John Wolfe, a Pioneer Project scientist from the Ames Research Centre also discussed the information received.