• Short Summary

    In what foreign observers stated to be the cleanest and least violent elections in Filipino history the eleven year old republic voted for a new President, Vice President and Congress.

  • Description


    ROLL 1 - TRI-X.


    1.
    Nacionalista Party rally, bus parade in Manila city.


    2.
    Presidential candidate Garcia's poster on bus.


    3.
    Crowds cheering


    4.
    Parade passes through downtown.


    5.
    To end of roll: additional shots of parade.



    ROLL No. 2 - PLUS-X


    1.
    Dewey Boulevard, Manila .. high seas in Manila Bay.


    2.
    Typhoon whips leaves of palm trees.


    3.
    Dewey Boulevard in rain .. cars.


    4.
    Polling place


    5.
    Voters lined up


    6.
    mcu Poll inspector


    7.
    interior of Polling area


    8.
    c.u. voter and inspector as vote goes into ballot box


    9.
    m.s. man crosses street in rain.


    10.
    horsedrawn cab.



    ROLL. No. 3 - Plus X.


    1.
    Malacanang presidential palace.


    2.
    Filipino flag and pole.


    3.
    c.u. sign - Leave firearms here.


    4.
    guard.


    5.
    Election banner on jeep taxi


    6.
    Policeman with gun at polling place.


    7.
    m.s. children


    8.
    poll inspector writing.


    9.
    Escolta Street .. downtown


    10.
    Horsedrawn cab.



    ROLL No. 4. PLUS-X.


    1.
    Old city Intramuros .. bomb ruins of church


    2.
    slum houses and squatters.


    3.
    Laundry woman washes clothes.


    4.
    Slums from inside ruined church


    5.
    Saint Dominic image looks down from church


    6.
    Houses inside bombed walls.


    7.
    Ruins.


    8.
    Pan shot from house, election sign, ruins, to group of people


    9.
    Scums, new construction in background.


    10.
    Congress building.



    ROLL No. 5 - PLUS-X.


    1.
    c.u. Congress.


    2.
    Man read newspaper, camera holding front page headlines.


    3.
    to end of roll: These shots make up two sequences, one of a corrupt polling place and one of a good one. The corrupt sequences shows election material around the polling place (note Nacionalista slogan over door) and "Goons" strong arm thugs, standing about to intimidate the voters. The second sequence follows a man through the voting process in a "clean" precinct.




    Initials



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: In what foreign observers stated to be the cleanest and least violent elections in Filipino history the eleven year old republic voted for a new President, Vice President and Congress. Early results showed that he existing Nacionalista President Carlos Garcia would win the presidency again and that the ruling Nacionalista Party would retain control of Philippines, Garcia became President recently following the death of President Magsaysay in an air crash. The elections as shot in Manila were quiet although as the dopesheets state (last roll of the job) some precinct polling places broke the election laws. In all there were only some 13 political killings during the election campaign, and on polling day the poll went peacefully in most parts of the country. The poll was taken as the main island of Luzon was crossed by a violent typhoon - codenamed KIT, and the shots in Manila show the effects of this. The typhoon caused a wide-spread damage in Central and Northern Luzon. Electioneering was carried out at high pressure.

    The film includes a range of shots backgrounding Manila and pointing some of the country's problem. After Warsaw Manila was the most bombed city in the world in World War Two and the shots showing bomb damage and squatters huts indicate the need for a strong economic policy to restore the country completely. These shots could be used particularly if there is a "split" in control, i.e., if Yulo (Liberal) or Manahan (Progressive) win the presidency. This would be the first time in Filipino history a president faced a hostile congress with the attendant risk of national business stalling.

    The shots of Malacanang palace tie in with the presidency, since this is the president's home.

    As shots show, the election as policed by armed police, so any incipient violence or strong arm tactics could be dealt with. A special force of constabulary policed the elections throughout the country.

    Return came in slowly, due mainly to the break in communications caused by the typhoon, and the total poll was about seventy per cent of the electorate .. a good deal lower than the usual turn-up in a Filipino election.

    This had to be written before results were obvious. Here is a biography of the possible presidents.

    Garcia, aged 61, veteran politician, became senator in 1941 and vice-president in 1953 in the Magsaysay team. Took over after Magsaysay's death.

    Yulo, aged 61, leader of the conservative Liberal party, property owner and corporation lawyer and veteran politician who began his career as secretary for justice under the U.S. controlled administration in 1934. A devout Roman Catholic.

    Manual Manahan, a newcomer to politics. Young (41) newspaper publisher and one time public servant. Was a close personal friend of Magsaysay and resembles him closely in appearance. His obvious chances of success at this stage are due partly to this factor and partly to his policy platform in appealing to the people to vote out some of the older professional politicians who in some cases used politics for their own personal profit and made Filipino politics something of a byword for corruption.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAALWMBV9AGYWX33WT9K88YN1ES
    Media URN:
    VLVAALWMBV9AGYWX33WT9K88YN1ES
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    15/11/1957
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    MXF
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:27:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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