In what foreign observers stated to be the cleanest and least violent elections in Filipino history the eleven year old republic voted for a new President, Vice President and Congress.
In what foreign observers stated to be the cleanest and least violent elections in Filipino history the eleven year old republic voted for a new President, Vice President and Congress. Early results showed that he existing Nacionalista President Carlos Garcia would win the presidency again and that the ruling Nacionalista Party would retain control of Philippines, Garcia became President recently following the death of President Magsaysay in an air crash. The elections as shot in Manila were quiet although as the dopesheets state (last roll of the job) some precinct polling places broke the election laws. In all there were only some 13 political killings during the election campaign, and on polling day the poll went peacefully in most parts of the country. The poll was taken as the main island of Luzon was crossed by a violent typhoon - codenamed KIT, and the shots in Manila show the effects of this. The typhoon caused a wide-spread damage in Central and Northern Luzon. Electioneering was carried out at high pressure.
The film includes a range of shots backgrounding Manila and pointing some of the country's problem. After Warsaw Manila was the most bombed city in the world in World War Two and the shots showing bomb damage and squatters huts indicate the need for a strong economic policy to restore the country completely. These shots could be used particularly if there is a "split" in control, i.e., if Yulo (Liberal) or Manahan (Progressive) win the presidency. This would be the first time in Filipino history a president faced a hostile congress with the attendant risk of national business stalling.
The shots of Malacanang palace tie in with the presidency, since this is the president's home.
As shots show, the election as policed by armed police, so any incipient violence or strong arm tactics could be dealt with. A special force of constabulary policed the elections throughout the country.
Return came in slowly, due mainly to the break in communications caused by the typhoon, and the total poll was about seventy per cent of the electorate .. a good deal lower than the usual turn-up in a Filipino election.
This had to be written before results were obvious. Here is a biography of the possible presidents.
Garcia, aged 61, veteran politician, became senator in 1941 and vice-president in 1953 in the Magsaysay team. Took over after Magsaysay's death.
Yulo, aged 61, leader of the conservative Liberal party, property owner and corporation lawyer and veteran politician who began his career as secretary for justice under the U.S. controlled administration in 1934. A devout Roman Catholic.
Manual Manahan, a newcomer to politics. Young (41) newspaper publisher and one time public servant. Was a close personal friend of Magsaysay and resembles him closely in appearance. His obvious chances of success at this stage are due partly to this factor and partly to his policy platform in appealing to the people to vote out some of the older professional politicians who in some cases used politics for their own personal profit and made Filipino politics something of a byword for corruption.