Leopoldville, capital of the Congo, continued to live through violence and confusion July 14 on the eve of the arrival of the first U.
Leopoldville, capital of the Congo, continued to live through violence and confusion July 14 on the eve of the arrival of the first U.N. - sponsored troops and the break in diplomatic relations with Belgium, the newly-independent Congo's rulers for 80 years.
In the capital, Belgian paratroops ignoring Congolese Prime Minister's demand to withdraw, set up patrols and check points in the main streets to maintain protection of European against incensed Africans. Patrols of the former Belgian-officered Force Publique, Now the Congolese Army, continued to circulate in the city in a show of returned discipline after mutiny the previous week.
Leopoldville Airport ... more refugees arrived from the interior with few belongings and told of African rape. This coffee planter from Equator Province said mutinous Congolese troops beat him up, raped his wife in front of him, then expelled him from the plantation he had worked for 35 years.
Next to him, another refugee settler sat haggard and shivering with shock. The mutinous troops assaulted him with riflebutts. Like many refugees he was barefoot - their shoes stolen by their captors.
More refugees with a few belongings boarded Belgian State-owned "Sabena" aircraft running a continuous mercy mission to Europe. The refugees included nuns. According to many reports nuns in the Congo mission stations suffered rape by Africans.
More Belgian paratroops arrived by aircraft from Brussels for reinforcement. The Belgian Government announced Belgian troops would stay in the Congo until the arriving U.N. force could guarantee and end to anti-Belgian violence there.
Congolese President Joseph Kasavubu and Premier Lumumba were at the airport to leave on a new bid to discipline African rebel troops in the interior.
On his return to Leopoldville, Mr. Lumumba told the Congolese Parliament: "To save the nation we are ready to make a pact with the devil himself but not with the Belgians." (According to Moscow Radio, Mr. Lumumba cabled Mr. Khrushchev he might have to ask for told Belgium: Hands off the Congo.") Lumumba's opponents quit the session in uproar.