• Short Summary

    Hundreds of young Albanians took part in the annual parade in the country's capital, Tirana on May Day.

  • Description

    Hundreds of young Albanians took part in the annual parade in the country's capital, Tirana on May Day. The country's Communist party leader, Mr. Enver Hoxha, watched the parade from a balcony in the city's main square, accompanied by other Government officials.

    Although the parade provided some display of military strength, the main emphasis seemed to be on youth and the important part it plays in the country's production and ideological development.

    This year's May Day parade was the thirtieth to be held since the Communists came to power in Albania. The emphasis on youth is not surprising considering that 73 per cent of the population is under 30. Recently the party leadership has been campaigning against the dangers of "liberalism", which it associates mainly with the older generation.

    However, it is also directed at the threat presented by foreign ideological influences. It is no coincidence that the campaign intensified almost at the same time as television was introduced in 1971. Italian and Yugoslavian stations can be picked up in some parts of the country, more easily than TV programmes from Tirana.

    Since the early 1960's, the Albanian Government has pursued a lonely course in international relations. It has shunned both the Soviet bloc and the West, regarding The People's Republic of China as its only ally.

    Last year Albania was the only European country to reject participation in the European Security Conference which is to be held at Helsinki in July. The Conference was originally proposed by the Soviet Union, but the Albanians regard it as part of a Russian/American plot to "cement the division of Europe". This coincides with the stance adopted by China.

    There are other similarities between Albania's brand of Communism and China's. Recently it has become compulsory for every student who leaves school, to spend one year in production work before going on to further education or their chosen job. Already, office workers and intellectuals have to work for one month a year in agriculture or in a factory.

    In factories, farms, tenement buildings, and anywhere else where people can be organised collectively, good citizens and bad citizens are praised or blamed in public. Since Albania's "cultural revolution" was first announced in March 1966, differentials in wages are now said to have been reduced to about 2 1/2 or 3 to one.

    SYNOPSIS: The Albanian Communist Party leader, Mr. Enver Hoxha, was among the official party who watched the annual parade in the country's capital, Tirana on May Day. Hundreds of young people took part in the parade, and although there was some display of military strength, the main emphasis was on youth and the important part it plays in the country's production and ideological development. It was the thirtieth May Day celebration to be held since the Communists came to power.

    The emphasis on youth was not surprising considering that seventy-three per cent of the country's population is under thirty. Since the early nineteen sixties, Albania has followed a lonely course in international relations. It has shunned both the Soviet bloc and the West, regarding The People's Republic of China as its only ally. There are many similarities between the Albanian brand of Communism and the Chinese innovations introduced during the famous "cultural revolution".

    It has become compulsory for youngsters, when they leave school, to spend one year in production work before going on to further education or their chosen career. Office workers and intellectuals also have to spend one month each year doing similar work.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAAL0D84753G829W711B3BY4I8P
    Media URN:
    VLVAAL0D84753G829W711B3BY4I8P
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    05/05/1974
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:21:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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