• Short Summary

    Scientists from four nations are preparing a series of investigations into some of the phenomena of Antarctica.

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    Scientists from four nations are preparing a series of investigations into some of the phenomena of Antarctica. The scientists--from Japan, New Zealand, the United States and Australia, will look into such puzzles as why there is a single, live volcano situated incongruously in the centre of Antarctica, and why certain valleys always remain dry.

    The "dry valley" probe will involve drilling to a depth of 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) in the hope that soil and rock samples will provide a clue.

    The mysterious volcano is Mount Erebus, 14,000 feet of foreboding mountain, snow-capped but still active.

    SYNOPSIS: McMurdo Sound is preparing for its annual boom. If it's a good summer in the Antarctic the population could swell to as much as nine hundred. Some of them will be tourists, but most of the visitors to what could be called the capital city of the Antarctic will be scientists eager to study some of the phenomena of the last unknown continent. And all the expeditions will set out from McMurdo Sound, as did Captain Scott in 1911.

    Work will start soon on probing the mysteries of Antarctica's "dry valleys." Scientists are puzzled over the way some of the valleys in the imposing Antarctic waste always stay dry. The mystery is being investigated by a team of scientists from Japan, the United States, New Zealand and Australia. They've already made extensive surveys from the air. Soon they'll trudge in the snow-shoe steps of the early explorers to see for themselves. They'll carry out experiments, including drilling five thousand feet down into the Antarctic earth in the hope that soil samples will provide a clue to why the valleys aren't glaciated like their neighbours.

    The other big mystery is Mount Erebus, a single volcano situated incongruously in the middle of nowhere. The scientists want to know what this foreboding fourteen thousand feet peak is doing there. It's capped with snow and looks innocent, but in 1841 am explorer reported it erupting furiously. It's another mystery that could be solved in Antarctica's summer of seventy-three.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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