The first phase of a new Anglo-U.S. initiative on Rhodesia ended in Lusaka, Zambia, on?
The first phase of a new Anglo-U.S. initiative on Rhodesia ended in Lusaka, Zambia, on Wednesday (1 June). But it still faced major difficulties over drawing up plans to end the nation's growing guerrilla war, and introduce black majority rule. An Anglo-American team of negotiators had final talks with nationalist leader Joshua Nkomo, following earlier discussions with Rhodesian premier Ian Smith, and nationalist leaders Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Robert Mugabe. After the meeting Mr Nkoko, co-leader with Mr Mugabe of the "Patriotic Front" nationalist alliance, indicated that responsibility for calling any constitutional conference lay with Britain.
If Britain called a constitutional conference on Rhodesia "we will be there" Mr Nkomo told reporters after his talks with British diplomat John Graham, and the U.S. ambassador to Zambia, Mr Stephen Low. The discussions ended a first attempt by the British and American team to seek black-white agreement on an independence constitution for Rhodesia. Mr Graham said he had not expected any firm agreements during his first round of consultations. He was returning to London (Wednesday June 1) and expected to be back in Africa in about three weeks.