• Short Summary

    VOLCANIC ACTIVITY ON TRISTAN DA CUNHA APPEARS TO BE ALMOST OVER, REPORTED MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY EXPEDITION TO THE ISLAND , WHO RETURNED TO LONDON APRIL 4.

  • Description

    VOLCANIC ACTIVITY ON TRISTAN DA CUNHA APPEARS TO BE ALMOST OVER, REPORTED MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY EXPEDITION TO THE ISLAND , WHO RETURNED TO LONDON APRIL 4. THEY HAD SPENT SEVEN WEEKS ON TRISTAN DA CUNHA INVESTIGATING CHANGES BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE VOLCANIC ERUPTION LAST OCTOBER, WHICH LED TO THE EVACUATION OF THE 262 INHABITANTS.

    FILM SHOT BY MEMBERS OF THE BRITISH EXPEDITION SHOWS THEIR ARRIVAL AT THE DESERTED ISLAND FROM THE SOUTH AFRICAN FRIGATE "TRANSVAAL" ON JANUARY 30. AFTER LANDING THE PARTY, WHICH INCLUDED TWO OF THE ISLAND'S FORMER INHABITANTS, MR. ADAM SWAIN AND MR. JOSEPH GLASS, THE FRIGATE UNDERTOOK A SURVEY TRIP AROUND THE ISLAND.

    SOME OF THE CREW WENT SHORE TO HELP THE EXPEDITION ESTABLISH THEIR CAMP. WORKING AMID ACRID, SULPHUROUS FUMES FROM THE STILL SMOKING RUMBLING ON WHICH THE SETTLEMENT IS BUILT. ROCKS THE SIZE OF AN AVERAGE ROOM, THROWN OUT BY THE VOLCANO, LAY AT THE FOOT OF THE MOUNTAIN.

    DR. IAN GASS, OF LEEDS UNIVERSITY, LEADER OF THE EXPEDITION, SAID ON HIS RETURN TO SOUTH AFRICA, THAT FURTHER VOLCANIC OUTBURSTS WERE POSSIBLE, AND A FURTHER CHECK SHOULD BE MADE IN A FEW MONTHS TIME. THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY CARRIED OUT SHOWED LITTLE EVIDENCE TO INDICATE SITE OR TIME OF FURTHER ERUPTION, IF ANY.

    IN ITS REPORT, THE EXPEDITION SAID THE FIFTEEN DOGS LEFT BEHIND WHEN THE ISLAND WAS EVACUATED APPEARED TO HAVE BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF SOME 700 SHEEP. EVIDENCE SHOWED THE DOGS, RUNNING IN PACKS OF FOUR OR FIVE, DROVE THE SHEEP OVER THE CLIFFS. ONLY 15 SHEEP NOW REMAIN ON THE ISLAND. THE DOGS WERE ALSO KILLING NEWLY BORN CALVES AND ATTACKING SMALLER CALVES IN THE HERD.

    ALL THE DOGS, EXCEPT ONE WHICH ESCAPED TO HIGHER GROUND, WERE DESTROYED.

    CATTLE APPEARED TO HAVE FENDED WELL, WITH ABUNDANT GRAZING. THE EXPEDITION KILLED BULLS LEFT ON THE ISLAND AND CASTRATED MALE CALVES, UNBORN CALVES BEING CONSIDERED AMPLE FOR BREEDING PURPOSES.

    POULTRY SHOWED LITTLE DEPENDENCE ON HUMAN ATTENTION AND HAD PLENTY OF FOOD. CATS WERE IN GOOD SHAPE AND WERE FENDING FOR THEMSELVES, KILLING RODENTS. RATS WERE HOWEVER PLENTIFUL, AND IN AN EFFORT TO REDUCE THEIR NUMBERS, POISON WAS LAID. DONKEY'S, IN SMALL NUMBERS, HAD BEEN LEFT UNDISTURBED.

    THE EXPEDITION STUDIED THE VOLCANO, AND EFFECTS OF THE ERUPTION BEFORE A GEOLOGICAL MAP WAS PREPARED. VEGETATION TO THE LEEWARD OF THE CONE SHOWED CLEARLY THE EFFECTS NOT ONLY AS THE LAVA, BUT ALSO OF THE FUMES. THE CLIMB TO THE PEAK OF THE MOUNTAIN, (6,760 FT) WITH AMPLE OPPORTUNITY TO STUDY FRESH EVIDENCE OF VOLCANIC BEHAVIOUR, BELIGHTED THE GEOLOGISTS. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS LEFT IN THE CRATER IN 1937-38, WERE FOUND STILL IN WORKING CONDITION.

    TESTS ON THE HEATED ROCK BELOW THE SURFACE, SHOWED A GRADUAL COOLING OFF, AND, REPORTED THE EXPEDITION, THE ERUPTION, OF AN "EXTREMELY QUIET TYPE", WOULD APPEAR TO BE ALMOST OVER.

    THE BRITISH ICE PATROL SHIP, "PROCTOR" (3,450 TONS) PICKED UP THE 12-MAN EXPEDITION AND BROUGHT THEM TO SIMONSTOWN, SOUTH AFRICA BEFORE THEIR RETURN TO LONDON.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAAJZDJ4XR0KCG83DAXNVIIPJKS
    Media URN:
    VLVAAJZDJ4XR0KCG83DAXNVIIPJKS
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    04/04/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:40:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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