• Short Summary

    THE UNITED NATIONS HAS GIVEN THE 17-NATION DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE AT GENEVA UNTIL MARCH 15TH TO PRODUCE AN AGREED DRAFT TREATY ON STOPPING THE SPREAD OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

  • Description

    THE UNITED NATIONS HAS GIVEN THE 17-NATION DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE AT GENEVA UNTIL MARCH 15TH TO PRODUCE AN AGREED DRAFT TREATY ON STOPPING THE SPREAD OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

    A BIG STEP FORWARD CAME EARLY THIS YEAR, WHEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION JOINTLY TABLE A NEW DRAFT TREATY. THIS, FOR THE FIRST TIME, INCLUDED A CLAUSE ON INSPECTIONS TO ENSURE THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE TREATY - A PROBLEM THAT HAD BEEN DELIBERATELY LEFT OUT OF THEIR PREVIOUS DRAFT BECAUSE OF THE DIFFICULTY OF REACHING AGREEMENT.

    THE SOVIET UNION WANTED ALL STATES WITHOUT NUCLEAR WEAPONS TO SUBMIT THE INSPECTION BY AN INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY IN VIENNA, TO SEE THAT THEY WERE NOT MAKING SUCH WEAPONS. SOME OF THE NON-NUCLEAR POWERS, PARTICULARLY WEST GERMANY, WERE CONCERNED THAT THE INSPECTION PROCEDURES OF THE AGENCY MIGHT LAY THEIR INDUSTRIAL NUCLEAR SECRETS OPEN TO COMMERCIAL RIVALS; MEMBERS OF EURATOM WANTED TO RELY ON THE EUROPEAN ORGANISATION'S OWN INSPECTION PROCEDURES, WHICH INVOLVE CHECKING RECORDS RATHER THAN INSPECTING ACTUAL INSTALLATIONS. THE NEW DRAFT TREATY GIVES EACH SIGNATORY TWO YEARS TO REACH AGREEMENT, INDIVIDUALLY OR IN GROUPS, WITH THE AGENCY IN VIENNA AS TO HOW THE CHECKS SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT.

    BUT AGREEMENT ON THIS QUESTION OF INSPECTION WOULD BY NO MEANS ALLAY ALL THE DOUBTS OF THE NON-NUCLEAR POWERS. SEVERAL OF THEM ARE AFRAID THAT THE TREATY WOULD PERPETUATE THE POWER GAP BETWEEN THE COUNTRIES THAT ALREADY HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND THOSE WITHOUT, AND HAVE DEMANDED SECURITY FROM THE NUCLEAR POWERS. INDIA IN PARTICULAR IS CONCERNED ABOUT THE GROWING NUCLEAR STRENGTH OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, WHICH, LIKE FRANCE, HAS STATED THAT IT WOULD NOT SIGN THE PRESENT TREATY. NOW THE THREE NUCLEAR POWERS ATTENDING THE GENEVA CONFERENCE - THE SOVIET UNION, THE UNITED STATES AND BRITAIN - HAVE PROPOSED THAT THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL SHOULD GUARANTEE AID TO ANY NON-NUCLEAR STATE THAT SIGNS THE TREATY AND IS THEN THREATENED WITH A NUCLEAR ATTACK.

    SOME OF THE NON-NUCLEAR COUNTRIES AT GENEVA HAVE ALSO CALLED ON THE BIG POWERS TO REDUCE THEIR OWN NUCLEAR ARMOURIES. LEADERS OF THE SOVIET UNION AND THE UNITED STATES HAVE SAID THEY WOULD LIKE TO PUT AN END TO ANY ARMS RACE BETWEEN THEM; BUT IN THE MEANTIME NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN NUCLEAR WEAPONS HAVE BEEN MATCHED BY COUNTER-DEVELOPMENT. MOSCOW'S CLAIM TO HAVE AN ANTI-BALLISTIC-MISSILE SCREEN WAS FOLLOWED BY AMERICAN ANNOUNCEMENTS OF NEW AND IMPROVED MISSILES. THE UNITED STATES DECIDED AGAINST A FULL-SCALE ANTI-BALLISTIC-MISSILE PROGRAMME ON THE GROUNDS THAT THE COST, PUT AT 40-THOUSAND-MILLION DOLLARS, WOULD NOT PROVIDE SECURITY, BUT DECIDED TO EMBARK ON A LIMITED ONE FOR PROTECTION AGAINST CHINA. IT WAS LEARNT THAT THE SOVIET UNION HAD DEVELOPED AN ORBITAL BOMB; THIS WAS COUNTERED BY THE DEPLOYMENT OF NEW RADAR DETECTION SYSTEM.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAAJ1DD7LM7KX6MPUX9R1NYQVFQ
    Media URN:
    VLVAAJ1DD7LM7KX6MPUX9R1NYQVFQ
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    08/03/1968
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:14:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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