A television reporting team from the British Broadcasting Corporation has recently spent two weeks in the Canton Province of China looking at life there after the cultural revolution.
SV Children marching in lines to school and singing
SV PAN..EXTERIOR..of school with children in class
SV Children reading aloud the works of Chairman Mao
SV Teacher addresses class in English
SV Other teacher speaking in Chinese to class (4 shots)
GV EXTERIOR..factory with workers entering
GV INTERIOR..casting shop of sewing machine factory
GV INTERIOR..Assembly section of machine factory with girls assembling and checking sewing machines (2 shots)
SV Man adjusting sewing machine (3 shots)
SV Man introducing troops of dancers before performance
SV Dancers with rifles and bayonets enacting drama and audience applaud
TRANSCRIPTS: (SEQ 5): TEACHER: "Now read after me. Lesson nine. (Children repeat in English) a long, long life to Cairman Mao (Children repeat) Long live our great teacher, great leader, great supreme commander and great helmsman, Chairman Mao. A long life to him".
CHILD: "People of the world unite and defeat the U.S. aggressors and all their running dogs."
TEACHER: "Sit down please".
Initials JB/AS/PS/1710 JB/AS/ES/18.00
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Background: A television reporting team from the British Broadcasting Corporation has recently spent two weeks in the Canton Province of China looking at life there after the cultural revolution.
Their film included scenes in a typical school and a factory.
The children marched to school singing. They are not the only ones marching and singing. Elsewhere, in streets and fields, there were singing columns of workers, peasants and soldiers. They sang songs like, "We march forward together, our guns turned on our enemies. We are soldiers of iron, we have hearts of steel. We follow Chairman Mao."
Inside the school there were political slogans on the wall and the school day started with readings from the works of Chairman Mao. In their English language lessons they repeated other slogans, too, some of them very anti-American.
The cultural revolution reached in to the school room, too. One teacher, for example, was a worker, a goldsmith, who had been brought in to teach chemistry. He was brought in as a result of the cultural revolution. It was feared that the educated young might become an educated elite. But if they learned chemistry from a worker they might understand that scientific knowledge was not a privilege but a tool to be used by the worker.
The emphasis was on politics in the factories, too. Signs pointed to where the revolutionary committee, which runs the factory could be found.
At the Canton Sewing Machine Factory the Chinese explained that before the 1949 revolution ten men were employed there assembling foreign made parts. Now it employed 3,000 people making a dozen different sewing machines. And every component used was made there in the factory.
During the cultural revolution there was said to have been considerable trouble in Canton factories. Opponents of Chairman Mao were said to have tried to take over, but were defeated by the workers. At lunch time a troupe of dancers entertained the factory workers. They performed the support for a speech of Chairman Mao's. In the speech, in May this year, the chinese leader called on the people of the world to unite "to defeat the United States and its lackeys". The aim of this performance was to contribute to the worker's political education. Correct political thinking, the chinese say, brings good practical results. The worker strive not for personal gain but for the community and the revolution.